Warning: fopen(frmtmp.php): failed to open stream: Permission denied in D:\wwwroot\emdrnetwork\emdrnetwork.org\www\index.php on line 3

Warning: fwrite(): supplied argument is not a valid stream resource in D:\wwwroot\emdrnetwork\emdrnetwork.org\www\index.php on line 3

Warning: fclose(): supplied argument is not a valid stream resource in D:\wwwroot\emdrnetwork\emdrnetwork.org\www\index.php on line 3

Warning: main(frmtmp.php): failed to open stream: No such file or directory in D:\wwwroot\emdrnetwork\emdrnetwork.org\www\index.php on line 3

Warning: main(): Failed opening 'frmtmp.php' for inclusion (include_path='.;c:\php4\pear') in D:\wwwroot\emdrnetwork\emdrnetwork.org\www\index.php on line 3

Warning: unlink(frmtmp.php): No such file or directory in D:\wwwroot\emdrnetwork\emdrnetwork.org\www\index.php on line 3
EMDR Network

 

EMDR NETWORK


Access to information important for clients and clinicians. The organizations listed on this website are well-established and professionally scrutinized to uphold the highest standards. EMDR is an Effective Form of Therapy for Trauma EMDR is a therapy that is listed in the new Department of Veterans Affairs & Department of Defense Practice Guidelines "A" category as "highly recommended" for the treatment of trauma http://www.oqp.med.va.gov/cpg/PTSD/PTSD_cpg/frameset.htm
It has received the highest level of recommendation by the mental health departments of Israel, Northern Ireland, United Kingdom, France, Sweden and so forth. For a full listing visit http://www.EMDRHAP.org/researchandresources.htm
EMDR is also listed as an effective form of therapy, backed by research, on a new National Institute of Mental Health sponsored website: Check under "Adult MH Therapist for Post-traumatic Stress Disorder"
http://www.therapyadvisor.com/

Cautions for Clients and Clinicians
Choosing a Clinician
A Brief Description of EMDR Therapy
Eye Movements
Training for Clinicians
Referrals for Clients


Cautions

For clients and clinicians:
Websites and authors that question the effectiveness of EMDR, or say there is little research, are long out of date. To view the list of research: http://www.EMDRHAP.org/researchandresources.htm

Other authoritative websites with research reviews are listed on the home page.

For clinicians: A great deal of misinformation has appeared in the professional literature. This published article compares inaccurate statements in the professional literature and compares it to the actual research data. http://www.perkinscenter.net

For clients and clinicians: Be cautious of other therapies that claim to "be like" EMDR or "use parts" of EMDR. EMDR is an 8-Step approach that contains procedures that have been thoroughly examined by research. A brief description of EMDR therapy [below] and visit the following website. http://www.emdria.org/general/index.htm

For clients and clinicians: According to American Psychological Association ethical guidelines, all prescribed therapies should be done according to the standardized procedures that have been examined by research. If clinicians claim to be using EMDR, they must be using the procedures described in Dr. Shapiro's 1995/2001 textbook. http://www.guilford.com/cgi-bin/cartscript.cgi?page=paci/shapiro.htm

The published research should be used as a guide for clinical practice. For instance, 84-90% of single trauma victims should no longer be diagnosed with posttraumatic stress disorder within 5 hours of processing. Multiple trauma victims will need a longer course of therapy. viagra your drunk viagra x cialis x levitra preços viagra joke gifts getup viagra generikum donde comprar viagra en bilbao long does take viagra viagra from walmart superdrug viagra sostanze naturali effetto viagra what does viagra pill look like liquid viagra to buy best pharmacy buy viagra online natures viagra men cuanto dura el viagra masticable revatio vs viagra importation viagra into australia pharmacological action of viagra cheap generic viagra canada does viagra shorten refractory period viagra fiji viagra kaufen holland apotheke bystolic with viagra viagra online forums good place buy viagra online reception viagra china viagra beer effects fruit flavoured viagra priligy viagra kombinieren jugo de sandia viagra taking both viagra levitra aspirin viagra together how much does viagra cost with prescription viagra women pills viagra martini recipe tomar viagra de 100mg prescription solutions viagra viagra side effects last jual viagra di bali prescription alternatives viagra love dessert viagra viagra canadian pharmacies funny things do viagra use herbal viagra online viagra review viagra alcohol shot viagra for men above 40 viagra related chemistry why viagra is good for you how long after taking viagra does it take effect viagra in gujranwala treating viagra side effects generico do viagra sandoz viagra funcionamiento viagra bad your health mephedrone and viagra best pill cutter for viagra main side effects of viagra i need viagra lyrics india pharmacy viagra tokio hotel viagra sobredosis happens if chick takes viagra synthesis of viagra generico viagra nombre alternative to viagra over the counter viagra virginia budget precio de viagra para mujer does viagra stimulate women effectiveness viagra tablets how long for viagra to take effect staxyn compared to viagra do cialis viagra work viagra andorra foro lançamento viagra brasil coumadin and viagra interaction efectos de la viagra en un joven muestra viagra gratis viagra et cordarone buying viagra off craigslist viagra how much to take discreet viagra bestellen why would a female take viagra viagra nlm prednisolone and viagra acheter viagra en ligne sans ordonnance liquid viagra sachets can i take half of a viagra what is the highest dosage of viagra cheap viagra meds viagra legal bali viagra yahoo mail virus often do you have take viagra names of indian viagra viagra ny times minimum age for taking viagra whats best viagra levitra cialis can cialis taken viagra viagra emergency room can viagra help you ejaculate viagra 100mg használata cuales son los beneficios de la viagra achat viagra angleterre viagra funciona mesmo what is the natural ingredient in viagra viagra billig schnell know if man viagra does viagra help with erectile dysfunction viagra parties viagra pune india what happens after you ejaculate on viagra dentist viagra joke this viagra didn't work. what now viagra inhibits pde5 viagra cialis and levitra compare best natural substitute viagra viagra hq canada generic viagra available india viagra male enhancement pills kann frau viagra mann nehmen vente du viagra viagra falls 2 viagra hamilton ontario russian viagra band viagra awesome stop viagra spam outlook porque el viagra es azul chiste viagra college students what are uses of viagra what is in female viagra viagra synthroid interactions uso de viagra para mulheres using muse and viagra teachers union wants viagra viagra generica buena does viagra have side effects for women buy real viagra online canada gibt es viagra generika age too young take viagra experiences with viagra free viagra in canada best source for generic viagra viagra efectos adversos pastillas viagra precio atenolol x viagra preguntas acerca viagra cuanto cuesta caja viagra españa uroxatral and viagra interactions fast does viagra work can a woman take a mans viagra viagra orange pill viagra jovenes argentina governo distribui viagra co diovan viagra taking viagra at high altitude how to acquire viagra viagra lapeyronie watch psych viagra falls online viagra diazepam viagra used healthy men cost of viagra in nz effects of viagra in wastewater old you have buy viagra who can't use viagra buy viagra on ebay viagra cene u beogradu symptoms does viagra treat viagra für die frau lovegra viagra long term efficacy ou acheter du vrai viagra en ligne viagra medication interaction taking viagra as a female watch happy birthday viagra shuangbao acura viagra andaluz viagra carlos herrera natural food substitute viagra viagra safe or not blueberry 100mg viagra viagra last after ejaculation viagra malaria viagra play nyc viagra belgique forum import viagra is it legal viagra diariamente risk of generic viagra viagra per bankeinzug red triangular viagra cheapest generic viagra online viagra sheets viagra candy mold viagra sildenafil 100mg tablets travelling overseas viagra can you take viagra while taking lisinopril max amount of viagra problemas del uso del viagra jovem usa viagra que es y para que sirve la viagra buy female viagra in uk harga sebiji viagra can teenagers buy viagra viagra jovenes 15 años will medicare pay viagra ebay.ca viagra best legal viagra alternative puede una mujer usar viagra online pharmacies for viagra v natural viagra viagra prescribing nhs dissolving viagra under your tongue what is better than viagra viagra aus indien erfahrungen effects of viagra in women much viagra asda viagra en una farmacia buy viagra over the counter in canada acheter viagra 25 mg effects viagra young man man dies overdose viagra video viagra results viagra itraconazole buy viagra east london xanax with viagra golden root herbal viagra review buy viagra from mexico cialis levitra ou viagra qual o melhor viagra retenção de receita yahoo email viagra ad dosierung viagra 100 do need prescription viagra hong kong viagra comes viagra myspace viagra head office toronto hoax viagra without block viagra spam mail zen cart viagra hacked viagra watermelon+lemon viagra falls discount tickets half price viagra levitra different viagra viagra means tiger viagra und andere potenzmittel overdose viagra song alternative medicine of viagra viagra biogaran darunavir viagra viagra interaction with coumadin find viagra london viagra and acid reflux lange gehts viagra viagra side effect on young men viagra online sale canada viagra za pół ceny taking viagra heart problems wirkt viagra bluthochdruck hacked email viagra hotmail viagra tablet picture acheter viagra sans ordonnance forum tampcol herbal viagra comprar viagra barato no brasil cuando se debo tomar viagra acheter viagra generique internet fox news viagra viagra natural para hipertensos safe doses viagra viagra emails coming my email address viagra dose for dogs viagra darwin husband tried viagra viagra and increased heart rate does viagra increase female libido counterfeit viagra pills viagra illegal uae can you take wellbutrin viagra viagra metabolite is it okay for women to take viagra viagra before bed viagra generic 100mg viagra lip swelling is viagra used for women viagra sydney buy acheter viagra qualité o viagra funciona mesmo dosis de viagra diaria get viagra germany cutting 100 mg viagra in half sfaturi viagra real viagra price buy viagra online with no prescription with overnight delivery viagra met zonder recept levitra less side effects than viagra many hours viagra last what to tell my doctor to get viagra difference levitra and viagra avis achat viagra net using viagra antidepressants taking viagra airplane how does viagra work best viagra og poppers viramune viagra viagra honolulu cheap viagra sydney llega viagra femenina viagra generika 2011 contraindications for viagra use where do i buy viagra online does blue cross cover viagra does viagra and alcohol mix tomar red bull viagra viagra covered health insurance effect would viagra have woman viagra high heart rate viagra alle erbe forum viagra and coffee start viagra after prostatectomy virus hotmail account viagra combat viagra headache best viagra pills women viagra und nebenwirkungen what is super force viagra viagra frei verkäuflich in deutschland what is the correct dose of viagra viagra safe atrial fibrillation kind doctor see viagra which is better levitra viagra cialis viagra or cialis more effective pele viagra ad cual viagra casero long before should take viagra buying pfizer viagra online buying viagra denmark hoe lang duurt het voordat viagra werkt is taking viagra daily dangerous stop facial flushing viagra χρηση viagra exactly viagra do combinar priligy viagra liquid viagra female vigamed viagra cialis acquistare viagra contrassegno bijwerkingen van viagra google viagra spam how to buy viagra in nz can 25mg of viagra work what is the best viagra substitute benefits viagra use natural viagra food men viagra causing impotence is outdated viagra safe effetti viagra lungo termine viagra faz mal com bebida alcoólica buy viagra chicago diferencia entre viagra cialis y levitra buy viagra craigslist side effects for women taking viagra effects of half a viagra tell if viagra authentic viagra wikipedia fr how long before should you take viagra v is for viagra wiki viagra extenze together vente viagra cameroun current price of viagra in india think need viagra viagra professional overnight delivery women experience with viagra viagra chinese shops compare extenze viagra viagra before clubbing viagra abnormal vision nightclub viagra can americans buy viagra in canada viagra over the counter in uk comprare viagra internet posso comprar viagra na farmacia sem receita viagra zonder recept bestellen viagra e cialis li hai mai usati viagra frequency of use top ten viagra alternatives russian viagra virus is kamagra better than viagra many mgs viagra should take viagra 100 mg how long does it last email me information viagra first time used viagra what would happen if a woman took a viagra pill easy get viagra nhs effetto collaterale del viagra buy viagra boots pharmacy viagra sweat pants party viagra za is there a pill like viagra for women tribulus x viagra about viagra tablet wie lange wirkt viagra where to buy viagra singapore afghan warlords bribed with viagra viagra after eating taking viagra after expiration date can you take half a viagra dosage viagra should take get insurance pay viagra buy viagra pills cheap das viagra gedicht cuanto cuesta el viagra en similares viagra cause vertigo can i get prescribed viagra viagra aiuta l ansia da prestazione does mens viagra work women im 18 can take viagra lamictal and viagra can u take cialis viagra watermelon equal viagra is viagra available in the philippines ischemia e viagra viagra w wieku 20 lat when not to use viagra how to make viagra with fruit pilule viagra prix using cialis and viagra together what happens if u take viagra and dont need it viagra 50 forum best us prices viagra viagra fa male alla prostata female viagra company viagra pill bottle label puedo tomar viagra si tengo 18 años bayanlarda viagra viagra nitrates contraindicated does viagra work for women yahoo viagra fake pictures female viagra on women viagra goedkoop bestellen taking metoprolol viagra homemade viagra recipe what to use when viagra doesnt work vendita viagra e cialis viagra review cialis viagra cairo egypt pfizer wins viagra patent trial vimax mismo viagra viagra dangerous women viagra use frequency pfizer patent expiration date viagra viagra treatment performance anxiety substance active du viagra should i take viagra or cialis can u break viagra half buy viagra coventry much does viagra cost walmart much does viagra cost per pill walgreens viagra ceny w aptece can you take viagra with blood pressure medicine price comparison levitra viagra can you overdose viagra efeitos do viagra em hipertensos can i take viagra with blood pressure tablets european viagra viagra magic ad what colour is viagra tablet crush up viagra can i mix viagra with alcohol women's use of viagra can i mix viagra and alcohol el viagra agrandar el pene prix boite viagra 50mg viagra aumenta el tamaño consommateur viagra viagra side effects dependency viagra mix with alcohol viagra spam site what happens when a girl eats viagra wordpress viagra links venta de viagra en zaragoza viagra proud sponsors andy murray medicare part d plans/ viagra acheter du viagra paypal viagra without seeing a doctor existe viagra feminino comprimido viagra didn t work what now herbal viagra capsules generic viagra from india viagra controindicazioni ipertensione buy viagra online in usa bijwerkingen bij viagra efectos viagra eyaculacion precoz viagra soft tabs alcohol el viagra y sus genericos where to buy viagra in vietnam viagra uk fast delivery flintstones chewable viagra viagra canada overnight viagra cork ireland peux-t on acheter du viagra sans ordonnance make viagra watermelon viagra pills to buy how long viagra kick in turkish viagra spice market purchase of viagra tablets viagra men canada remedio similar ao viagra juicing slang viagra buying viagra tokyo viagra alcoholics buy generic viagra in canada can i take aleve and viagra can viagra used hypertension best generic viagra from india cialis vs viagra where to purchase commercials for viagra viagra feminino como funciona viagra women free samples wirkung halben viagra name of viagra for women in india what drug is in viagra acheter du viagra en ligne en france finns viagra receptfritt viagra blocked nose kamagra gold viagra red bull drink viagra viagra o cialis que es mejor newport pharmaceuticals viagra name of female viagra pill giving girl viagra effet du viagra 50mg what is a natural viagra viagra pour femme algerie hot coffee viagra legal import viagra australia viagra jet lag many kinds viagra precio viagra yahoo buying viagra in nz viagra rapid tabs benefits and side effects of viagra a luat cineva viagra viagra ca hockey viagra god el viagra como se usa viagra da valeriy meladze do viagra work women insurance covering viagra not birth control beneficios de la sandia viagra indian viagra medicines viagra and ms study darf man viagra nicht nehmen can viagra stop premature ejaculation red wine viagra donde comprar viagra natural viagra inhouse pharmacy viagra naturel herbes viagra age 23 mixing vyvanse viagra viagra efectos hace can viagra help impotence alcohol viagra dangerous using viagra allowed islam my husband is taking viagra viagra in afghanistan viagra ersatz apotheke buy viagra drug store es efectivo el viagra masticable viagra hormone treatment old should use viagra does viagra prolong ejaculation time long does dose viagra last viagra harmful liver herbal viagra christchurch viagra label latinpyme viagra viagra the magic pill buying generic viagra australia fungerer viagra kvinner viagra loyalty program where to buy viagra in edinburgh best selling herbal viagra when does viagra u.s. patent expire is viagra covered by alberta blue cross comprar viagra bogota happens you mix viagra red bull bystolic interaction viagra viagra und nitrospray buy viagra online cheap no prescription remedios naturales viagra viagra rx assistance spamassassin score viagra effet du viagra chez le sportif maca peruvian viagra viagra como funciona yahoo pink pill for women viagra viagra carvedilol cialis vs viagra for pulmonary hypertension donde comprar viagra femenina viagra apotheke preis viagra price in mumbai buy viagra in cape town ou acheter viagra doctissimo notizie sul viagra viagra for performance pharmacy selling viagra bob dole for viagra using viagra trying conceive alternatives to cialis and viagra cost difference between viagra cialis viagra postprostatectomy levitra viagra cialis market share can take viagra last longer viagra spamming viagra at the airport viagra doença peyronie viagra bangkok pharmacy different type de viagra reduce viagra flushing viagra prescription france venta viagra pfizer mexico viagra pfizer history viagra online dangers viagra store in pakistan the effects of viagra on young men viagra patent canada viagra tablets australia viagra tablet colour viagra online legit trucker viagra viagra increase fertility taking viagra don t need can u buy viagra pharmacy viagra erectile dysfunction forum would viagra do women curb your enthusiasm viagra does viagra work if you are paralyzed is levitra as good as viagra cheapest place buy viagra uk overdose de viagra no tokio hotel viagra effects in urdu celexa with viagra viagra generic buy online viagra bivirkninger blåsyn can viagra cause blood your urine driving after taking viagra viagra school cheap generic viagra livraison effects viagra glaucoma erectile dysfunction viagra not working viagra cialis 100mg combining viagra with flomax viagra livraison rapide france viagra best price online viagra for men who don't need it purchase viagra lahore the price of viagra in india viagra girls effects levitra o viagra which is better what is normal viagra dosage precio viagra montevideo amerimedrx viagra viagra does patent expire real viagra cheap pfizer viagra costo average age starting viagra difference in cialis and viagra viagra professional pfizer videos effets viagra new jack box viagra commercial kesan pengambilan viagra viagra covered healthcare viagra adverse events cipla viagra good viagra republicans viagra problemas psicologicos bula viagra 50mg pfizer viagra overcome anxiety viagra mushrooms is viagra blue inside pilule bleue viagra daniel wilson how long before sex should u take viagra viagra hathaway how to buy viagra no prescription viagra falls the play nyc buying viagra online guide niacin and viagra viagra rezeptfrei geht das can you buy viagra over the counter in new york effects viagra apres ejaculation buying generic viagra online illegal viagra system band does pfizer's viagra patent expire risks of taking too much viagra viagra in deutschland kaufen can using viagra make you impotent herb like viagra counter effects of viagra pfizer pharma gmbh viagra raging bull viagra herbal does herbal viagra do ginkgo biloba vs viagra side effects for viagra como comprar viagra en farmacia sin receta do i need a prescription to buy viagra in the uk viagra patient teaching comparison between levitra and viagra parduodu viagra panevezys viagra schweiz ohne rezept peux t on acheter du viagra en pharmacie viagra kaufen ohne rezept in holland can i buy viagra in malta can you take viagra pacemaker can take viagra night prix pilule de viagra high blood pressure viagra safe viagra in svizzera senza ricetta grupo ruso viagra viagra generika kaufen ohne rezept viagra 10000 spray viagra post office box how to avoid viagra break viagra pill half need prescription viagra uk female viagra cocktail cactus jacks does viagra always work yahoo cerebral aneurysm viagra viagra kauf im internet substitute of viagra viagra forocoches viagra in the uk boots does viagra come up drug test mild viagra steel libido vs viagra comprare viagra online senza ricetta ginseng ou viagra long term use of viagra side effects viagra average cost tabletki viagra cena best way buy viagra uk viagra sold over counter usa tesco to sell 'cut-price' viagra viagra 17 anni can you take half viagra tablet viagra craigslist legal cara guna viagra viagra before surgery blue viagra shot does viagra work young guys viagra nitrogen monoxide how do i get viagra prescription are there any side effects from taking viagra viagra like over the counter levitra viagra or cialis creatine nitrate viagra what is best viagra levitra og cialis viagra online same day delivery the natural viagra how many mg of viagra do you need angina pectoris en viagra benefits viagra young men viagra post heart attack viagra online fast shipping viagra keeps you hard pramil x viagra x cialis buy viagra in israel viagra sale 50mg viagra increases fertility can you buy generic viagra usa best place buy viagra online australia prednisone and viagra viagra generico igual original danger of fake viagra idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis viagra is there a non prescription substitute for viagra fluconazole viagra viagra 50 miligramos drug patent for viagra viagra pour femme maroc passiert wenn man frau viagra nimmt viagra in water movie acheter du viagra rapidement viagra cialis kamagra erfahrungsbericht que es mas seguro cialis o viagra viagra for priapism can i drink alcohol while taking viagra comentarios acerca viagra long does viagra jelly last viagra generica foro prix viagra pharmacie algerie viagra czarny rynek venta viagra lima ventajas desventajas usar viagra can viagra tablets be split in half viagra commercial theme song viagra para diabetes vente de viagra au canada efectos secundarios viagra en mujeres what would happen if i took viagra has anyone died from viagra viagra ersatz kamagra how expensive is viagra i need viagra now que viagra comprar viagra cold symptoms viagra effects men video super viagra active viagra dublin relacion viagra alcohol viagra hearing loss treatment natural supplement for viagra can viagra cause stroke prescription required viagra canada viagra use for men can you get viagra free nhs viagra patent expiry date viagra für herzkranke viagra howstuffworks tablete viagra viagra 100mg fta 4 is viagra safe for pregnancy vente viagra pharmacie toulouse accidental invention of viagra generic viagra levitra cialis hydrogen sulphide viagra bupropiona viagra feminino viagra feminino rosa viagra com plasil safe take half viagra viagra younger people pastile potenta viagra viagra can cause blindness can viagra pills split tomar viagra infartado viagra upsets my stomach can girl take viagra costo viagra 50 mg viagra chapstick can women take viagra safely impact of viagra on heart viagra pulmonary disease viagra board cb viagra tesco stores sell wiki viagra professional retail stores sell viagra cheapest viagra online in uk viagra 88 viagra hat mir geholfen viagra cialis ohne rezept viagra more than once a day acidez mental viagra viagra za muskarce using viagra extenze buy viagra online org uk viagra cialis discount yahel - viagra (jordi remix) does female viagra work el viagra en jovenes taking viagra with zoloft viagra generic at walmart viagra danneggia fegato legally buy viagra uk north korean viagra possession of viagra does viagra really make you bigger does viagra patent expire canada viagra polen bestellen viagra side effect headache happens you take viagra cialis what do viagra pills do generic viagra availability build up tolerance viagra mens viagra on women prescription of viagra viagra chino santa cruz como pedir viagra en farmacia online viagra germany viagra board cb radio herbal viagra tablet india if viagra doesn t work then precio viagra farmacia sin receta viagra 100mg sildenafil 17 year old taking viagra cialis strong viagra vs how early do i take viagra cialis viagra effectiveness comprar viagra en chile resistance to viagra viagra oil viagra precio farmacia colombia viagra commercial songs como fabricar un viagra en casa cialis und viagra zusammen nehmen forum achat viagra net viagra dhgate do woman take viagra viagra flushing face who can't take viagra viagra kaufen erfahrungsbericht what dosage viagra should i take hay viagra generico mexico harga viagra di bandung viagra fiyatı 50 mg levitra vs viagra efficacy frankie boyle viagra viagra contro ansia da prestazione is cialis safe than viagra como usar o medicamento viagra viagra verschreibungspflichtig schweiz buy viagra no prescription australia viagra men price south africa viagra overdose kills man minoxidil e viagra donde comprar viagra o cialis se necesita receta medica para adquirir viagra media pastilla viagra hace efecto can viagra cause hearing loss viagra hearing loss 2011 efectos viagra las mujeres viagra generico low cost can women take the mens viagra russian viagra robbery is it bad for young guys to take viagra diovan interaction viagra does viagra raise your blood pressure recommended doses of viagra man myth viagra wiki young man takes viagra el viagra lo venden sin receta viagra rezeptfrei über paypal what does viagra do for girls difference viagra et viagra generique viagra in berlin comprar viagra mais barato brasil qual o nome do generico do viagra the viagra triangle bars sometimes viagra doesn't work viagra farmacia senza ricetta medica drinking wine viagra typical dose viagra aspirin and viagra interactions intended effects viagra viagra heart condition what happens if you take cialis and viagra together hugh hefner usa viagra viagra available pattaya prolonged effects viagra viagra heart drug things know before taking viagra viagra medical necessity availability of viagra in bangalore long does one viagra last commander du viagra en france viagra hints does viagra work if you don't have ed can take viagra drink alcohol compra viagra generica viagra en pharmacie en belgique can you take viagra 21 will generic viagra come out el viagra ayuda a la eyaculacion woman eating viagra dinamik viagra tarif du viagra en pharmacie viagra helps cia win friends in afghanistan testosterone instead of viagra buy generic viagra safely does chewing viagra make work faster where can i buy viagra online yahoo where to buy women's viagra herb acts like viagra herbal blue viagra is viagra prescription drug in australia viagra pramil ou cialis calais vs viagra getting viagra australia viagra 100mg wikipedia can take viagra cardura viagra stories more for_patients viagra patent date expired diferença entre viagra or cialis viagra utan recept viagra cialis und levitra do aetna cover viagra viagra to conceive where to buy viagra toronto risks of viagra in young men what are the dangers of viagra viagra lawsuit pfizer viagra with nitric oxide viagra campaign viagra efectos produce efectos contrarios del viagra talk your doctor viagra does viagra work on women too buy viagra in ahmedabad what does viagra do video what can cause viagra not to work viagra for men dosage order viagra with paypal viagra works best when strattera and viagra viagra minimum dosage where to get viagra in delhi online apotheke niederlande viagra viagra online order in india best viagra for women in india female viagra superdrug fast way get viagra viagra half a pill im 17 can i take viagra niagara viagra natural difference between levitra and viagra and cialis who sells generic viagra viagra para perros free viagra trials hay viagra generica viagra czerwona viagra rezeptfrei expressversand can take viagra verapamil fake viagra tell viagra vs cialis cheaper cialis interactions viagra viagra common name bill gates viagra nsaids viagra viagra iraq viagra usages how many viagra tablets should i take levitra viagra differences viagra dubai airport compra de viagra natural buying viagra in india como usar o remedio viagra lemon juice viagra viagra dose in women cheapest viagra nz where can i buy viagra in las vegas how to enhance viagra dentist jokes viagra looking beyond viagra jack in the box viagra ad nebivolol viagra mushrooms and viagra what tesco stores sell viagra viagra using fruit kvinner som tar viagra libigel nuevo viagra femenino precio de viagra en paraguay can you buy generic viagra uk viagra cipla review jake viagra two half men effective alternatives viagra side effects of fake viagra viagra tablets used howard stern viagra commercial viagra request how do i know how much viagra to take viagra effects on glaucoma free viagra and cialis long does viagra stay body prostate and viagra can your g p prescribe viagra other benefits viagra prendere viagra e cialis insieme like viagra over counter generic viagra from europe can viagra used females viagra may help cancer viagra post mi what does viagra do for a girl viagra musli power viagra drug card blue viagra 100 viagra and nadolol afghan warlords bribed viagra viagra font free download effetto viagra sulle donne viagra out of patent how long before viagra starts to work congress approves viagra for sex offenders tomar um viagra faz mal will viagra help you last longer precio de la viagra en el salvador shipping viagra to uk tomar o no viagra where can i buy real viagra online viagra dosage 50 or 100 amlodipine besylate + viagra + interaction can you buy viagra over the counter in portugal buy cheap viagra generic online wet macular degeneration viagra can i take 2 viagra pills get rid headache viagra quiero comprar viagra sin receta chile viagra with cannabis are there natural alternatives to viagra canadian online pharmacy for viagra viagra urinalysis test can i buy viagra over the counter in dubai sangramento nasal viagra viagra prescription england death from fake viagra remedio ereção viagra viagra flowers wilting altitude sickness prevention viagra is 50 mg viagra safe compra de viagra sin receta en argentina herzinfarkt durch viagra bob dole and viagra taking viagra celexa viagra irregular heartbeat medicare advantage plans viagra viagra efectos secundarios vision viagra any side effects viagra triangle in chicago map viagra alternative canada soft viagra pills cipla viagra reviews prix viagra maroc dh reliable website for viagra informacion de viagra en espanol concerta viagra what if 100mg of viagra doesn't work happens if you sniff viagra köp viagra billigt comprar viagra sin receta venezuela can take viagra drunk garlic like viagra viagra does for women remedio casero como viagra does viagra affect kidneys viagra long till takes effect frecuencia consumo viagra viagra commercial award como se puede tomar viagra viagra bypass patients viagra frau rezeptfrei nom viagra pour femme most effective time to take viagra viagra cialis controindicazioni happens if man takes viagra generico do viagra e bom happens u mix alcohol viagra viagra like gel viagra for neonates can viagra help with premature ejaculation sklep z viagra internet viagra uk alternative remedies viagra dangerous take expired viagra como debe tomar viagra viagra best taken empty stomach black ant viagra australia se hace viagra casero barbara boxer compares abortion viagra viagra sellers uk nombre de pastillas similares al viagra viagra i see blue ok drink alcohol take viagra viagra instructions pfizer silagra pille 100mg - viagra generika can i take priligy with viagra viagra kaufen deutschland apotheke viagra one time use how do you know when you need viagra viagra disminuye eyaculacion precoz guter viagra shop fake viagra online viagra tablets for men uk side effect of viagra what's viagra cocktail viagra ritalin viagra women guardian diferenca entre viagra e cialis seamus moore viagra song recommended dose for viagra viagra something like blueberry 100 viagra can i take viagra and cialis in the same time viagra en hipertension viagra v s cialis viagra chicago where to buy viagra and vyvanse most reliable source viagra viagra in rome viagra vision color viagra ® official reseller insurance companies and viagra did viagra work for you can you buy viagra in pattaya preisvergleich viagra 50 mg contraindicaciones del viagra en mujeres viagra na recepte ceny viagra kaufen ohne rezept holland donde comprar viagra sevilla natural products instead of viagra viagra perfume new names for viagra buen uso del viagra cuanto cuesta el viagra generico ask your doctor viagra how does viagra cost viagra in 20s viagra brazil how to buy viagra generic in united states viagra prezzo originale buy viagra bristol uk se toma viagra soft original viagra shop viagra 50 mg etkileri viagra dosage women efectos de la viagra en los hombres se puede tomar viagra diariamente viagra not working anymore music viagra commercials viagra and ms patients efficacy viagra cialis viagra usage video age of men using viagra viagra saves baby viagra white inside principio activo viagra colour viagra inside viagra españa venta female enhancement viagra where is viagra manufactured pfizer cialis and viagra difference effetti del viagra alle donne viagra injury o que é viagra yahoo viagra vc pitch kesan buruk viagra mechanism viagra works which is better viagra cialis or levitra getting your doctor prescribe viagra viagra on the internet to order dubai viagra where can buy does viagra mix alcohol celebrex interaction viagra can you take viagra blood pressure medication can take viagra painkillers pastile viagra preturi cost of 100 mg viagra over counter cost viagra wo kann man viagra frei kaufen viagra laced condoms viagra black box werking viagra pil does medicaid cover viagra texas donde comprar viagra generico achat viagra avec paypal generic viagra real not ok have alcohol viagra extra strength viagra weed and viagra virus sends viagra email hotmail which one is better viagra cialis or levitra viagra india brands efectos viagra adultos comprando viagra viagra safe use after expiration date does viagra ever not work is viagra a medicine viagra combination cialis paypal viagra kaufen viagra blood tests can viagra cut half viagra laxative can you buy viagra in india how i can buy viagra generic viagra sources viagra metabolism side benefits of viagra is it legal to buy viagra online in canada take turkish viagra tomar viagra cada dia what happens when a girl takes a viagra free viagra in australia tomar viagra e alcool viagra 100 mg ndc 40 year old virgin viagra phone call is it safe to buy viagra online in canada viagra jokes humor buy cheap viagra showuser wann soll ich viagra nehmen viagra in canada test online apotheken viagra viagra email link virus viagra wonder drug ethical responsibility viagra prescription guidelines why was viagra originally invented how do i buy viagra safely viagra discount prices viagra how do i get it viagra dosage amount tell if viagra pill real viagra kullanımı etkileri efectos viagra para eyaculacion precoz wirkung viagra cialis levitra tribulus terrestris y viagra when a girl takes viagra taking viagra priligy together does viagra work on a full stomach castanha viagra viagra urinary infection natural alternative to viagra gnc viagra ad in magazine wer hat viagra erfunden wikipedia brett favre viagra viagra effet bout combien temps does viagra affect body riesgos viagra alcohol alternativa erboristica al viagra american women viagra long term effects of taking viagra asking your doctor for viagra viagra fruit juice viagra same men women viagra non fa male where can i buy viagra in hong kong meds not take viagra much does viagra cost target can i take viagra with effexor wirkung viagra 50 mg viagra similar medicine how much is viagra per pill viagra blood sugar merca farmacia viagra 50 b donde comprar viagra en rancagua can you cut viagra tablets viagra commercial music natural viagra webmd hur fungerar viagra på kvinnor canadian pharmacy viagra virus forum achat viagra ligne viagra without a rx viagra in babies cherche viagra a vendre effect of viagra on prostate viagra short term blindness due to viagra viagra with beta blocker pharmacie viagra en ligne viagra per paraplegici pumpkin seeds natures viagra red cialis viagra ankara efectele secundare ale pastilei viagra buying viagra in dubai illegal buy viagra over internet long you stay hard viagra female viagra safe annonce viagra tunisie viagra vs herbs viagra head office toronto address can half viagra pill viagra street names viagra badajoz no-xplode with viagra viagra generika deutsche apotheke viagra femenino parche dosis maxima de viagra al dia viagra lyrica the use of viagra for young men viagra youtube channel forum il viagra funziona daily dosage viagra what's ingredients viagra do girls like guys take viagra comprar viagra feminino bh viagra online reputable what age should i take viagra fluoxetina x viagra jeux hockey viagra viagra en ligne dangereux age group using viagra effet viagra pour femme viagra government funding hotmail virus sending viagra emails 2010 testosterone basso viagra rush limbaugh viagra viagra pour homme normal viagra tunisie 2011 genuine viagra usa can u overdose viagra how viagra works on women viagra interaction with l-arginine price viagra chemist viagra blood pressure medicine date viagra goes off patent viagra compra segura cuales son los componentes del viagra pfizer viagra fiyat how much time before viagra viagra other like drugs mua thuoc viagra o ha noi puedo tomar viagra a los 21 años usare il viagra forum diabetes viagra nhs parduodu viagra kaunas cheap viagra with dapoxetine viagra 100mg fta 12 pfizer viagra 50mg preis viagra backpulver precio de viagra argentina cual similar viagra pastillas viagra femenino viagra e ipertensione what does the drug viagra do usa viagra prices viagra year invention new viagra drugs can you get viagra over counter usa usos de el viagra what happen if women take viagra walmart pharmacy cost of viagra what happens when you mix viagra with mr. clean k hace la viagra chest pains viagra viagra pros cons does viagra work yahoo do young guys use viagra viagra online bestellen auf rechnung viagra molecule structure lafesse telephone viagra viagra an accidental discovery united states online pharmacy viagra viagra visual changes celebrities using viagra viagra 50 lik does viagra do premature ejaculation were buy cheap viagra how long viagra stay in your system sandia igual viagra is viagra illegal in singapore el viagra se vende bajo receta medica donde comprar viagra en quito ordering viagra online forum viagra international pharmacy snake blood viagra lowest viagra prices alternative medicine for viagra in india can you buy viagra shoppers drug mart herbal replacements viagra se puede comprar viagra sin receta en españa donde se compra viagra chino efectos secundarios del viagra 2010 price comparison viagra beta blockers and viagra interaction viagra tenerife indigestion after taking viagra purchase viagra in the uk dosis viagra segun edad viagra bula generico viagra apotheke wien viagra over the counter in us viagra cheap in canada hotmail hacked viagra link viagra mount do purchase viagra online india cialis levitra vs viagra herbal viagra alternative viagra females india movie viagra drug rep taking viagra high blood pressure medication viagra riesgos consumo viagra red 100 what happens to women if they take viagra buy viagra cheap in canada what better viagra or cialis can viagra cause ed health benefits taking viagra online viagra is it safe viagra diastolic dysfunction herbal viagra surrey bc most reliable online pharmacy for viagra riesgos usar viagra viagra levitra and cialis comparisons pastillas viagra yahoo si può acquistare viagra senza ricetta acheter viagra en ligne avis viagra in chennai prices is buying viagra online safe herbal viagra ebay half price network viagra spot genuine viagra viagra prescribed online taking viagra with antidepressants where to buy viagra in canada safely gel form viagra donde comprar viagra forma segura cheapest place to buy viagra viagra pharmacie francaise medical insurance cover viagra viagra drug rehabilitation treatment viagra w czopkach pink viagra 100mg tamsulosin viagra interaction prices on viagra how to tell if a guy is using viagra qual e o nome generico do viagra handla viagra på nätet generico viagra precio viagra physiology natural otc viagra why viagra not working 2 chainz viagra instrumental download viagra folic acid viagra from dominican republic viagra doesn't work first time quero comprar viagra no brasil viagra for men online shopping in india viagra 50 mg filmtab viagra pills how much where can i find viagra in hyderabad viagra potency recreational viagra doses cosa fare per avere viagra comprar viagra sin receta estados unidos there generic viagra 2010 viagra with coffee taking viagra no xplode what does using viagra feel like eyesight problems with viagra cosa cura il viagra viagra se necesita receta medicina natural equivalente viagra 1 800 number for viagra mexico viagra online viagra ages use what happens when you take viagra when you don't need it generic viagra studies viagra eagles viagra gel sachets uk viagra hitler viagra tablets info viagra eczane satış fiyatı viagra pill ring daily show viagra viagra riesgos de consumo quien inventor viagra less side effects levitra viagra hcg diet viagra benefit of viagra tesco sale of viagra viagra advertised howard stern pfizer viagra patent challenge do you prefer viagra cialis if took viagra dont need viagra propiedades contraindicaciones viagra how long before activity viagra for sale in new zealand viagra animals where do i buy viagra in london does viagra spam manufacturer of generic viagra dove comprare viagra originale viagra aus australien comprar viagra precisa de receita medica can take viagra percocet anything better than viagra eating pork better than viagra do you need prescription buy viagra australia when is the viagra patent expire buy viagra cvs online viagra herbal comprar viagra online net did hitler use viagra viagra alternatives herbal how much is 50mg of viagra congestive heart failure and viagra well does viagra work chemist warehouse viagra cost viagra by pfizer online que pasa si tomo viagra sin necesitarla buy viagra britain can take viagra vicodin what is the ingredient in viagra many times can you take viagra one day forum al femminile viagra classic tab viagra viagra indicaciones y contraindicaciones viagra delhi stores china us best fake viagra ring does pfizer viagra do viagra discreet packaging el viagra alarga el pene efectos viagra hipertension viagra does young men levitra or viagra purchasing viagra canada how to buy safe viagra online viagra en ligne au quebec pfizer viagra patent rejected what is best cialis levitra or viagra what's over counter viagra viagra for sale in toronto is viagra good for teenagers quanto fa male viagra buying viagra brazil viagra red why do women take viagra which is better viagra or levitra safe substitute viagra does viagra work for erectile dysfunction merthyr tydfil viagra how much does viagra lower blood pressure viagra femenino existe effetti del viagra rosa como conseguir viagra sin receta medica age requirement viagra truth herbal viagra pizza viagra timisoara dosis de viagra segun edad levitra works better than viagra ship viagra to canada what is better levitra or viagra consumo prolongado de viagra should avoid viagra does viagra make you impotent is viagra bad for heart patients quick ship viagra venta viagra concepcion chile viagra uk online sales viagra for heart attack generic viagra warnings viagra and heart failure dosage viagra cialis levitra viagra angleterre metformin and viagra interaction adderall and viagra effects viagra on alcohol cost of viagra in singapore effects viagra hypertension viagra 100 halbieren price comparison for viagra viagra soft erfahrungen viagra psychological erectile dysfunction happens if take two viagra home alternatives to viagra acquisto viagra e cialis viagra generic cvs el sildenafil viagra www.generico do viagra la viagra pfizer viagra forum which is best generic viagra csomagolás does viagra delay viagra e ipertensione polmonare is viagra illegal in any country nitroglycerin mixed with viagra viagra tia buy viagra uk sites amphetamines and viagra viagra cialis equivalents viagra for men does it work teachers want viagra enzyme does viagra block werking viagra vrouwen viagra ohne rezept sofort kaufen viagra e o diabetes get viagra prescriptions sublingual tablet viagra pills better than viagra viagra online free trial precio viagra 50 mouse found viagra bottle viagra alternative no prescription hard sell the evolution of a viagra salesman amazon patty murray viagra viagra muscular dystrophy efectos viagra en las mujeres can high blood pressure take viagra viagra sample from doctor precio de viagra de 100 mg prescription viagra spain cialis ou viagra eo melhor happens viagra patent expires staminafit vs viagra viagra pharmacy canada precio del viagra ecuador uses of viagra for men viagra mit visa kaufen de cialis viagra levitra samples viagra infused condoms viagra sale vancouver bc dove comprare viagra naturale do you need prescription viagra us herzrasen durch viagra matiere active viagra how does viagra work on women commande de viagra par internet can buy viagra over counter malaysia over counter viagra tesco acheter du viagra par cheque viagra joke mycoxafloppin viagra substitute from india is viagra physically addictive viagra generic canada substitute for viagra natural young person take viagra how to distinguish fake viagra kjøp viagra kvinner young male viagra cheap viagra philippines viagra en altitude viagra tac dung bao lau viagra gel in thailand acheter du viagra en tunisie best online pharmacy for generic viagra safest viagra sites viagra first introduced 97'lik dedenin viagra davası patent viagra pfizer viagra office canada snopes why do men need to take viagra viagra faz mal cardiacos viagra fa male allo stomaco where can i buy viagra in edinburgh viagra mit 16 jahren over counter drug works like viagra donde comprar viagra temuco bob from viagra commercial can you take expired viagra canadian viagra without prescriptions viagra pom p switch drug contraindications viagra generic viagra or cialis chinese equivalent to viagra viagra how long does effects last viagra blood donation viva viagra commercial show me a picture of a viagra pill what is female viagra pills male enhancement pills like viagra dove acquistare viagra on line psych viagra falls cast list viagra swelling face para que es el viagra femenino can viagra be mixed with alcohol viagra diabetes women viagra use for children can i take 25 mg of viagra viagra over the counter substitute how long takes viagra to work neurotransmitters involved viagra long does effect viagra last viagra en chewing gum my viagra is not working manufacturer of viagra india herbal viagra in singapore viagra oral jelly 100mg viagra in the waters lyrics viagra kostenfrei comparison between viagra cialis levitra does viagra keep your hard after viva viagra band enalapril hidroclorotiazida viagra viagra working sofia viagra pics viagra davao city venta de viagra en trujillo viagra efeitos colaterais em diabeticos using viagra stamina viagra tabs uk paroxetine and viagra disco polo viagra download viagra 25 mg bom does music viagra commercial viagra in delhi india viagra marketing case viagra on dogs cuanto dura el efecto de una viagra cheap viagra gel viagra from canada supplier viagra esophageal spasms cialis viagra fiyat how long will it last with viagra is viagra subsidized viagra professional sublingual prescription free viagra canada onde comprar viagra em uberlandia viagra cure ms many times day can take viagra can you take viagra with losartan potassium viagra lml english lyrics funny things about viagra viagra jetzt kaufen de soon will viagra work viagra time body para funciona viagra difference between viagra 50 100 herbal viagra holland barrett viagra drink uk viagra generika usa viagra gels viagra helps pregnancy viagra generico effetti collaterali viagra diuretics viagra radio ads cialis vs viagra reviews efeitos viagra faz viagra shop uk viagra instrucciones de uso viagra versus levitra viagra does nothing viagra angina peito pfizer viagra for women comprar viagra na internet order viagra cialis pros n cons of viagra what side effects do viagra have viagra unprescribed viagra en jovenes yahoo viagra cialis price comparison viagra uae price viagra anti inflammatory viagra pfizer usa viagra under your tongue bezahlt die krankenkasse viagra viagra tablets men india viagra arteriosclerosis watermelon viagra 2011 comprare viagra forum viagra super active vs viagra professional viagra falls psych zshare viagra leg cramps how long does viagra to kick in 25mg viagra any good ordering generic viagra viagra made in usa viagra spill viagra 100 mg precio mexico viagra canada ad viagra email virus removal hotmail bob viagra commercial viagra annostelu where can i buy viagra over the counter in south africa how long does 1 viagra pill last viagra 50mg half viagra with blood pressure meds viagra para paraplegico age do men usually need viagra viagra generic joke viagra people without ed comprar viagra online foro long term viagra use chiste dentista viagra viagra dogs heart disease duracion maxima viagra viagra da assuefazione viagra pills for sale uk viagra effects female generic viagra no prescription fast shipping jamie reidy's memoir hard sell the evolution of a viagra salesman levitra cialis viagra comparison viagra altitude high prescription name viagra robber broke into hair salon viagra viagra wirkung und nebenwirkungen safe viagra for women viagra da inalare can viagra cause blindness cuando es necesario tomar viagra costo viagra in slovenia too much viagra spam can you give dog viagra malaysia viagra pharmacy good natural viagra does viagra or cialis make you harder viagra 25mg prezzi high blood pressure and viagra use viagra hawaii glyceryl trinitrate spray viagra is levitra better than viagra per viagra ci vuole ricetta medica viagra trusted sites how well does 100mg of viagra work online viagra pharmacy reviews mouse chewed through box viagra viagra natural femenino viagra to cure premature ejaculation es malo tomar viagra y alcohol viagra body weight took viagra instead of ambien viagra pentru femei viagra for the brain pill rush limbaugh viagra incident directions for use of viagra many viagra day where can buy viagra in bangkok natural viagra south africa can you get arrested buying viagra online viagra company wiki efectos del viagra en hipertensos can i buy generic viagra long does take viagra wear off can you take lisinopril viagra without problems viagra rezeptfrei holland bestellen cost of viagra in us usar viagra primeira vez indian viagra hyderabad viagra femenino en argentina + venta natural viagra ice cream can i purchase viagra online where can i buy viagra in bangalore handla viagra säkert can you take viagra ramipril que dosis de viagra es recomendable viagra wife how do i stop these viagra emails hay pastillas viagra para mujer does united healthcare cover viagra tesco viagra price 2012 pink viagra for females viagra online bestellen forum when will viagra prices come down viagra mit cola viagra approved for women viagra dooz 99000 all three viagra viagra chinese name precio del viagra bogota buy pfizer viagra in canada can have viagra nhs placebo female viagra libido power of viagra best viagra websites antidepressants and viagra girl took viagra viagra 25mg vs 50 mg generico do viagra citrato can buy real viagra online peyronies and viagra initial reason invention viagra who can get viagra on prescription viagra class medicine turkey viagra price does viagra make me sick viagra boston ma come potenziare gli effetti del viagra comprar viagra valencia contra reembolso foreign viagra trial viagra pack cost viagra 100mg australia tom kaulitz in der viagra falle os efeitos do viagra na mulher viagra femenino venta chile how to block viagra spam importing viagra into uk genuine viagra prices uk precio de la viagra en mexico viagra over counter mexico difference viagra levitra watermelon citrulline viagra how to stop viagra email spam vicky viagra commande viagra paypal novelty viagra viagra and coronary artery disease alternative viagra tablets does viagra last longer viagra supply chain herbal viagra high street taking viagra eating que hace el viagra en el hombre viagra als creme original viagra online kaufen viagra and side effects warren buffett viagra quote young and taking viagra viagra prescription questions forum cialis e viagra viagra herpes viagra aussehen viagra venta por internet viagra nitrates don t mix where can i get viagra samples helps viagra work viagra 100 lük im 20 can i take viagra viagra production viagra cialis mixed email hacked viagra efectos del viagra en un joven how can i take viagra on plane buy viagra safely uk can i take viagra and cialis at same time nitric oxide viagra together como se usa la viagra famotidine viagra women take viagra happens viagra home delivery can take viagra ativan arthrotec viagra how to use viagra pills flomax viagra together viagra ad email virus buy online viagra in canada does viagra soft tabs work uso del viagra en el adulto mayor el viagra hace mal para el corazon viagra men buy online does viagra need prescription philippines viagra buena para jovenes buying real viagra online uk does viagra make hard ejaculate viagra 100mg split half how to make viagra drink does viagra help with ssri viagra in vadodara how often can i take viagra viagra for cheap with no prescriptions female viagra pink pill can you get someone pregnant on viagra viagra pills from boots viagra price south africa como usar o viagra 50mg contraindicaciones para uso viagra youtube robin williams viagra hat viagra nebenwirkungen viagra espagne sans ordonnance price of viagra in bangkok viagra otc drug discount meds. viagra taking half a viagra tablet can you buy viagra over counter england viagra women menopause viagra medicine name in india foro viagra mapuche produit equivalent au viagra free viagra sample pack online viagra work video nitrates viagra dangerous express shipping viagra cinsel uyarıcı viagra viagra prices at cvs generic viagra india viagra prices pfizer viagra ptsd viagra vs cialis wiki priligy viagra vez viagra covered insurance 2011 scientific term viagra viagra pakistan availability can you buy viagra online ireland viagra atherosclerosis viagra hearing loss permanent unsolicited viagra emails viagra irregular heart beat alternative viagra ayurveda viagra lortab viagra eyaculación precoz o que e melhor viagra ou cialis pink viagra gum bin ladens herbal viagra legal order viagra overseas viagra pills store viagra causing death true facts viagra does viagra upset stomach buying viagra high street much money does viagra make viagra sicher online hypnotic viagra viagra sans ordonnance france generic viagra walgreens viagra comparison prices levitra viagra dose efeitos viagra videos if cialis viagra dont work comprar viagra x internet vytorin viagra hydrochlorothiazide viagra interaction kamagra oral jelly (gel) 100mg - viagra generika review viagra cialis levitra viagra kaufen.at seriös viagra commercial strolling mail order viagra review how much does viagra cost to buy viagra en el doctor simi vialafil vs viagra el viagra como funciona what is viagra oral jelly viagra melbourne australia does viagra increase testosterone achat de viagra sur le net generic viagra faq using trimix and viagra together wiki viagra for women viagra frau wirkung initial primary use for viagra diferencia vimax viagra spam viagra outlook viagra precisa de receita 2010 viagra prescription only medicine buy cheap viagra online us viagra professional or super active viagra humira is generic viagra any good is viagra bad for diabetics difference between viagra 100mg 50mg youtube viagra song 25mg viagra dosage legitimate places to buy viagra online bill tom viagra generic viagra shipped from us the man the myth the viagra megavideo viagra buy england viagra+priligy sildenafil dapoxetine ok mix viagra alcohol boyfriend viagra viagra tu thien nhien viagra diaries goldie hawn viagra and angina what to drink with viagra viagra from canadian viagra shop in dubai indian viagra generic viagra pill with a face safe place get generic viagra heart burn after viagra generic viagra (soft tabs) 100mg l-arginina y el viagra viagra pour homme femme can i get viagra at boots effects women using viagra known side effects of viagra viagra rss feed que es el viagra y para que sirve yahoo men have viagra what do women have es malo tomar viagra a los 18 años viagra generique wikipedia viagra side effects how long do they last paul thorn viagra chords free generic viagra samples viagra house miami modelo muere por viagra andros vs viagra vasovagal syncope viagra viagra shop 2009 net horas usar viagra viagra dosing frequency how to buy viagra in singapore formula quimica del viagra cozaar viagra interaction cs viagra viagra in chennai available viagra lexapro viagra blood thinner caducidad de viagra viagra w aptekach atenolol interactions viagra viagra and tricor viagra 1 euro 25 mg generic viagra how to block © viagra ® official site viagra recommended dosage viagra can expect viagra sensitivity loss like viagra for men what to take instead of viagra do natural viagra alternatives work can viagra be taken more than once a day viagra kills people does viagra cause depression viagra works better than levitra where is viagra sold in india viagra gujarat jokes generic name viagra viagra 50 mg how long does it last can i take half a pill of viagra viagra pharmacies usa viagra cause depression can prescribed viagra nhs capsulas viagra natural kaip veikia viagra take viagra levitra how can i buy viagra in ireland green part watermelon viagra acheter viagra chez pfizer selling viagra movie does viagra continue work after ejaculation giá ban viagra viagra yahoo answer viagra 27 años how much does viagra cost in india what can viagra do for me viagra tablets 50mg pfizer viagra made india precio de viagra en guatemala efectele negative viagra que pasa cuando tomar viagra viagra et des risques buying viagra perth le viagra est-il sous ordonnance rezept für viagra ausstellen köpa viagra flashback viagra shipped eu viagra levitra cialis karşılaştırma viagra aids no effect of viagra over counter viagra women side effects of viagra pdf what do you say to a doctor to get viagra viagra france prix viagra via internet apotheek viagra phuket patong forum viagra sur le net viagra wo am billigsten viagra minderjährigen viagra i njeno dejstvo foro costa rica viagra viagra cialis tanio is it safe for a 17 year old to take viagra pfizer sues rivals protect viagra patent birra effetto viagra would half a viagra work uses for viagra for women venta viagra ilegal viagra bad 19 year old tabletki na potencje viagra how to get rid of viagra headache most reliable place to buy viagra online how do viagra works natural foods equal viagra hard sell the evolution of a viagra salesman paperback el viagra no me hizo efecto the dangers of viagra acquistare viagra online in italia viagra pill for women viagra toprol when to take viagra for women herbal viagra does work i want to buy cheap viagra levitra im vergleich mit viagra efekt e viagra viagra conch viagra for lining issues much difference does viagra make vk blue viagra viagra varicocele viagra cannot taken viagra length of action viagra sito sicuro youtube viagra andaluz viagra en españa venta does viagra give you headaches cvs price for viagra acquistare viagra san marino where to buy viagra safely viagra normal person what happens if a girl takes viagra dangers viagra women buy generic viagra canada pastillas de viagra para la mujer sickle cell trait and viagra viagra generična italia trial package viagra were buy real viagra what to do when viagra stops working does alcohol and viagra mix viagra e i suoi effetti collaterali safe take viagra women bayou viagra viagra 8000 come acquistare viagra alcohol with viagra taking nitroglycerin and viagra viagra dosage risks 50 mg viagra doesn't work ages take viagra viagra and pericarditis does viagra kill you viagra online sales canada viagra blood brain barrier my hotmail is sending viagra spam insurance doesn't cover viagra tadalafil compared viagra viagra increases sensitivity effects viagra women wiki sex offenders viagra health care viagra for women how does it work is generic viagra just as good buying viagra cialis online viagra fa male ai giovani viagra before after meals como actua el viagra masculino will a walk in clinic prescribe viagra viagra side effects cardiac viagra india girls viagra for menopause dadha viagra viagra patent deadline viagra european patent is generic viagra safe yahoo 25 mg viagra work viagra vorher nachher viagra lexapro interactions indian generic viagra does viagra make man last longer compare viagra tadalafil #6 viagra car using viagra to conceive quien usar viagra reações usa viagra heart disease and viagra buy cheap viagra sydney viagra und copd taking viagra after surgery viagra micardis viagra with red bull viagra internet canada viagra costo in farmacia viagra digoxin licd viagra viagra other drug interactions acheter viagra a montreal camaro in the viagra commercial which tesco stores sell viagra viagra golf buy generic viagra and cialis cost for viagra 100mg herbal viagra birmingham restriçoes ao uso de viagra afecta viagra espermatozoides simon viagra viagra and hearing viagra cycling jersey viagra prescription online canada achat viagra femme efek obat viagra postfix reject viagra how much is viagra in nigeria do they sell viagra boots viagra really needed do you need to take viagra on an empty stomach buy viagra from turkey viagra by paypal uk compare side effects cialis viagra levitra getting viagra dubai viagra e a concorrencia viagra verschreibungspflichtig spanien generic viagra uk sales much does 1 viagra cost viagra 40 anni minimum age to use viagra problems of viagra viagra is not effective viagra generic status medicare drug coverage viagra viagra in deutschland online kaufen frecuencia puedo tomar viagra viagra ipertensione arteriosa would viagra not work most effective way use viagra should i take viagra before or after meal viagra mixed with cialis mexican viagra drink brain viagra abc news cena lieku viagra viagra nome generico la viagra la pueden tomar las mujeres pastillas de viagra para mujeres jual viagra original viagra cvs pharmacy viagra sainsburys otc pills like viagra vegetable viagra celery viagra at walgreens pharmacy frequency of taking viagra venta viagra arequipa buy viagra karachi precio venta viagra españa viagra rezeptfrei spanien viagra made in australia generic viagra sold in the united states viagra in korea viagra sales in canada viagra duration efecto prijzen viagra nederland self prescription viagra viagra günstig holland kaufen taking viagra on a plane viagra soft flavoured canada viagra in mississauga viagra pill mg is it bad to take viagra everyday viagra cost pharmacy pomegranate natural viagra viagra italien rezeptfrei common dosage for viagra viagra tagline niagra herbal viagra viagra drug information movie about viagra sales rep viagra prescription las vegas how to buy viagra in malaysia viagra on plants viagra available in india natural viagra spider bite viagra age 27 larry king viagra indian viagra cipla viagra good for working out viagra ohne rezept deutschland kaufen how do you purchase viagra price comparison viagra levitra cialis which works best cialis viagra or levitra pfizer liquid viagra welche wirkung hat viagra auf frauen viagra et anticoagulants viagra gold 800mg reviews se llama viagra similares what makes viagra work better biodisponibilidad viagra sings viva viagra song buy viagra in pakistan is viagra bad for your liver limbaugh caught viagra viagra und ms eating grapefruit while taking viagra can you take viagra with blood thinners take viagra levitra together can you buy viagra legally online great viagra price can you take 2 viagra at once hotmail virus sending emails 2010 viagra comment acheter viagra pharmacie sans ordonnance young men take viagra single viagra viagra purchase in canada alternative pills to viagra availability viagra mumbai 1 pill viagra was genau bewirkt viagra viagra 100g kieler modell viagra viagra smpc there natural herb viagra alternative uses of viagra viagra o cialis differenze comprar viagra argentina contrareembolso precio del viagra en costa rica emails with links to viagra viagra norsk can you buy viagra london viagra farmacias del ahorro viagra migraine trigger long does 100mg viagra take work trustworthy online viagra can a diabetic patient take viagra piddlin acres wb viagra do they have viagra women us made generic viagra taking viagra with high blood pressure can take 100mg viagra br cheap viagra cheap cialis vente viagra andorre taking viagra after donating blood viagra in den usa viagra levitra cialis cost pregnant women and viagra commande viagra sans ordonnance acquisto viagra in farmacia generic viagra ripoff names for generic viagra contraindications viagra nitrates best prices viagra can you make viagra at home buy viagra overnight shipping viagra normal males comprar viagra talca vente de viagra au quebec great natural alternatives viagra 20mg levitra vs 100mg viagra can you buy viagra canada improve viagra results what is alternative to viagra viagra samples free by mail vad kostar viagra in thailand therapeutic viagra can you bring viagra into australia generic viagra soft tabs viagra wirkung forum venda viagra sem prescrição médica age can you buy viagra viagra levitra cialis market share does snorting viagra do effects taking viagra not needed viagra kidney patients crush viagra tablets super viagra review viagra for young males off the counter viagra fixing broken masculinity viagra as a technology pumpkin natural viagra precio de viagra costa rica bula viagra sildenafil fungerer viagra for kvinner get trial viagra viagra 2 li tablet viagra posologia assunzione venta de viagra en arequipa edad se usa viagra viagra street prices generic viagra canadian pharmacies info on viagra estenosis aortica viagra To achieve these effects, the clinician is supposed to follow precisely the specific steps outlined in Dr. Shapiro's textbook during EMDR Phases 3-6. Fidelity to these steps is necessary to conform to the researched outcomes. http://www.emdria.org/general/index.htm

For clients: Make sure to ask your clinician if (s)he is using EMDR according to the training standards and guidelines of the EMDR International Association. http://www.emdria.org or EMDR-Europe http://www.EMDR-europe.net

Choosing a Clinician: Make sure that the EMDR training your clinician has taken is approved by EMDR International Association or EMDR -Europe. Clinicians may have unknowingly taken substandard training. EMDR should be used only by licensed clinicians specifically trained in EMDR. Take time to interview your prospective clinician. Make sure that he or she has the appropriate training in EMDR and has kept up with the latest developments. The basic course is at least 5 days of training over two weekends, or spans several months, plus supervision, consultation, and continuing education. While training is mandatory, it is not sufficient. Choose a clinician who is experienced with EMDR and has a good success rate. Make sure that the clinician is comfortable in treating your particular problem. In addition, it is important that you feel a sense of trust and rapport with the clinician. Ask each perspective clinician:

(1) Have you received both Part 1 and 2 of the basic training?

(2) Was your training program approved by EMDRIA or EMDR Europe?

(3) Have you kept up to date about the latest protocols and developments?

(4) How many people with my particular problems or disorder have you successfully treated?

(5) What is your success rate?

(6) Are you doing standard EMDR as it is (a) described in Dr. Shapiro's text, (b) supported by EMDRIA, and (c) been tested in research?

(7) Will you discuss with me the way EMDR can deal with my obvious symptoms?

(8) Will you also discuss with me the ways EMDR can be used to help me live a happier, more productive life by treating the other negative memories, beliefs, feelings, and actions that may be running my life?

A Brief Description of EMDR Therapy

8 Phases of Treatment The amount of time the complete treatment will take depends upon the history of the client. Complete treatment of the targets and the three-pronged protocol are needed to alleviate the symptoms and address the complete clinical picture. The goal of EMDR therapy is to process completely the experiences that are causing problems, and to include new ones that are needed for full health. "Processing" does not mean talking about it. "Processing" means setting up a learning state that will allow experiences that are causing problems to be "digested" and stored appropriately in your brain. That means that what is useful to you from an experience will be learned, and stored with appropriate emotions in your brain, and be able to guide you in positive ways in the future. The inappropriate emotions, beliefs, and body sensations will be discarded. Negative emotions, feelings and behaviors are generally caused by unresolved earlier experiences that are pushing you in the wrong directions. The goal of EMDR therapy is to leave you with the emotions, understanding, and perspectives that will lead to healthy and useful behaviors and interactions.

Phase 1: History and Treatment Planning

generally takes 1-2 sessions at the beginning of therapy, and can continue throughout the therapy, especially if new problems are revealed. In the first phase of EMDR treatment, the therapist takes a thorough history of the client and develops a treatment plan. This phase will include a discussion of the specific problem that has brought him into therapy, his behaviors stemming from that problem, and his symptoms. With this information, the therapist will develop a treatment plan that defines the specific targets on which to use EMDR. These targets include the event(s) from the past that created the problem, the present situations that cause distress, and the key skills or behaviors the client needs to learn for his future well-being. One of the unusual features of EMDR is that the person seeking treatment does not have to discuss any of his disturbing memories in detail. So while some individuals are comfortable, and even prefer, giving specifics, other people may present more of a general picture or outline. When the therapist asks, for example, "What event do you remember that made you feel worthless and useless?" the person may say, "It was something my brother did to me." That is all the information the therapist needs to identify and target the event with EMDR.

Phase 2: Preparation

For most clients this will take only 1-4 sessions. For others, with a very traumatized background, or with certain diagnoses, a longer time may be necessary. Basically, your clinician will teach you some specific techniques so you can rapidly deal with any emotional disturbance that may arise. If you can do that, you are generally able to proceed to the next phase. One of the primary goals of the preparation phase is to establish a relationship of trust between the client and the therapist. While the person does not have to go into great detail about his disturbing memories, if the EMDR client does not trust his clinician, he may not accurately report what he feels and what changes he is (or isn't) experiencing during the eye movements. If he just wants to please the clinician and says he feels better when he doesn't, no therapy in the world will resolve his trauma. In any form of therapy it is best to look at the clinician as a facilitator, or guide, who needs to hear of any hurt, need, or disappointments in order to help achieve the common goal. EMDR is a great deal more than just eye movements, and the clinician needs to know when to employ any of the needed procedures to keep the processing going. During the Preparation Phase, the clinician will explain the theory of EMDR, how it is done, and what the person can expect during and after treatment. Finally, the clinician will teach the client a variety of relaxation techniques for calming himself in the face of any emotional disturbance that may arise during or after a session. Learning these tools is an important aid for anyone. The happiest people on the planet have ways of relaxing themselves and decompressing from life? s inevitable, and often unsuspected, stress. One goal of EMDR therapy is to make sure that the client can take care of himself.

Phase 3: Assessment

Used to access each target in a controlled and standardized way so it can be effectively processed. ? Processing? does not mean talking about it. See the Reprocessing sections below. The clinician identifies the aspects of the target to be processed. The first step is for the person to select a specific picture or scene from the target event (which was identified during Phase One) that best represents the memory. Then he chooses a statement that expresses a negative self-belief associated with the event. Even if he intellectually knows that the statement is false, it is important that he focus on it. These negative beliefs are actually verbalizations of the disturbing emotions that still exist. Common negative cognitions include statements such as "I am helpless," " I am worthless," " I am unlovable," " I am dirty," " I am bad," etc. The client then picks a positive self-statement that he would rather believe. This statement should incorporate an internal sense of control such as "I am worthwhile/ lovable/ a good person/ in control" or "I can succeed." Sometimes, when the primary emotion is fear, such as in the aftermath of a natural disaster, the negative cognition can be, "I am in danger" and the positive cognition can be, "I am safe now." "I am in danger" can be considered a negative cognition, because the fear is inappropriate -- it is locked in the nervous system, but the danger is actually past. The positive cognition should reflect what is actually appropriate in the present. At this point, the therapist will ask the person to estimate how true he feels his positive belief is using the 1-to-7 Validity of Cognition (VOC) scale. "1" equals "completely false," and " 7" equals "completely true." It is important to give a score that reflects how the person "feels," not " thinks." We may logically " know" that something is wrong, but we are most driven by how it " feels." Also, during the Assessment Phase, the person identifies the negative emotions (fear, anger) and physical sensations (tightness in the stomach, cold hands) he associates with the target. The client also rates the disturbance using the 0 (no disturbance)-to-10 (the worst feeling you? ve ever had) Subjective Units of Disturbance (SUD) scale.

Reprocessing

For a single trauma reprocessing is generally accomplished within 3 sessions. If it takes longer, you should see some improvement within that amount of time.

Phases One through Three lay the groundwork for the comprehensive treatment and reprocessing of the specific targeted events. Although the eye movements (or taps, or tones) are used during the following three phases, they are only one component of a complex therapy. The use of the step-by-step eight-phase approach allows the experienced, trained EMDR clinician to maximize the treatment effects for the client in a logical and standardized fashion. It also allows both the client and the clinician to monitor the progress during every treatment session.

Phase 4: Desensitization

This phase focuses on the client? s disturbing emotions and sensations as they are measured by the SUDs rating. This phase deals with all of the person's responses (including other memories, insights and associations that may arise) as the targeted event changes and its disturbing elements are resolved. This phase gives the opportunity to identify and resolve similar events that may have occurred and are associated with the target. That way, a client can actually surpass her initial goals and heal beyond her expectations. During desensitization, the therapist leads the person in sets of eye movement (or other forms of stimulation) with appropriate shifts and changes of focus until his SUD-scale levels are reduced to zero (or 1 or 2 if this is more appropriate). Starting with the main target, the different associations to the memory are followed. For instance, a person may start with a horrific event and soon have other associations to it. The clinician will guide the client to a complete resolution of the target. Examples of sessions and a three-session transcript of a complete treatment can be found in F. Shapiro & M.S. Forrest (2004) EMDR. New York: BasicBooks. http://www.perseusbooksgroup.com/perseus-cgi-bin/display/0-465-04301-1

Phase 5: Installation

The goal is to concentrate on and increase the strength of the positive belief that the person has identified to replace his original negative belief. For example, the client might begin with a mental image of being beaten up by his father and a negative belief of "I am powerless." During the Desensitization Phase he will have reprocessed the terror of that childhood event and fully realized that as an adult he now has strength and choices he didn't have when he was young. During this fifth phase of treatment, his positive cognition, "I am now in control," will be strengthened and installed. How deeply the person believes his positive cognition is then measured using the Validity of Cognition (VOC) scale. The goal is for the person to accept the full truth of his positive self-statement at a level of 7 (completely true). Fortunately, just as EMDR cannot make anyone shed appropriate negative feelings, it cannot make the person believe anything positive that is not appropriate either. So if the person is aware that he actually needs to learn some new skill, such as self-defense training, in order to be truly in control of the situation, the validity of his positive belief will rise only to the corresponding level, such as a 5 or 6 on the VOC scale.

Phase 6: Body scan

After the positive cognition has been strengthened and installed, the therapist will ask the person to bring the original target event to mind and see if he notices any residual tension in his body. If so, these physical sensations are then targeted for reprocessing. Evaluations of thousands of EMDR sessions indicate that there is a physical response to unresolved thoughts. This finding has been supported by independent studies of memory indicating that when a person is negatively affected by trauma, information about the traumatic event is stored in motoric (or body systems) memory, rather than narrative memory, and retains the negative emotions and physical sensations of the original event. When that information is processed, however, it can then move to narrative (or verbalizable) memory and the body sensations and negative feelings associated with it disappear. Therefore, an EMDR session is not considered successful until the client can bring up the original target without feeling any body tension. Positive self-beliefs are important, but they have to be believed on more than just an intellectual level.

Phase 7: Closure

Ends every treatment session The Closure ensures that the person leaves at the end of each session feeling better than at the beginning. If the processing of the traumatic target event is not complete in a single session, the therapist will assist the person in using a variety of self-calming techniques in order to regain a sense of equilibrium. Throughout the EMDR session, the client has been in control (for instance, he is instructed that it is okay to raise his hand in the "stop" gesture at anytime) and it is important that the client continue to feel in control outside the therapist's office. He is also briefed on what to expect between sessions (some processing may continue, some new material may arise), how to use a journal to record these experiences, and which techniques he might use on his own to help him feel more calm.

Phase 8: Reevaluation

Opens every new session At the beginning of subsequent sessions, the therapist checks to make sure that the positive results (low SUDs, high VOC, no body tension) have been maintained, identifies any new areas that need treatment, and continues reprocessing the additional targets. The Reevaluation Phase guides the clinician through the treatment plans that are needed in order to deal with the client? s problems. As with any form of good therapy, the Reevaluation Phase is vital in order to determine the success of the treatment over time. Although clients may feel relief almost immediately with EMDR, it is as important to complete the eight phases of treatment, as it is to complete an entire course of treatment with antibiotics.

PAST, PRESENT, AND FUTURE

Although EMDR may produce results more rapidly than previous forms of therapy, speed is not the issue and it is important to remember that every client has different needs. For instance, one client may take weeks to establish sufficient feelings of trust (Phase Two), while another may proceed quickly through the first six phases of treatment only to reveal, then, something even more important that needs treatment. Also, treatment is not complete until EMDR therapy has focused on the past memories that are contributing to the problem, the present situations that are disturbing, and what skills the client may need for the future. Excerpts from: F. Shapiro & M.S. Forrest (2004) EMDR: The Breakthrough Therapy for Anxiety, Stress and Trauma. New York: BasicBooks. http://www.perseusbooksgroup.com/perseus-cgi-bin/display/0-465-04301-1

For another description: http://www.therapyadvisor.com

Eye Movements The benefits of eye movements used in EMDR are still under investigation. The Department of Veterans Affairs & Department of Defense Practice Guidelines http://www.oqp.med.va.gov/cpg/PTSD/PTSD_cpg/frameset.htm

have stated that evidence the eye movements are NOT effective is flawed. They also cite 8 controlled studies that show eye movements decrease the negative effects of emotions and imagery. These studies are:

Andrade, J., Kavanagh, D., & Baddeley, A. (1997). Eye-movements and visual imagery: a working memory approach to the treatment of post-traumatic stress disorder. British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 36, 209-223.

Barrowcliff, Gray, Freeman, MacCulloch (2004) Eye-movements reduce the vividness, emotional valence and electrodermal arousal associated with negative autobiographical memories. Journal of Forensic Psychiatry and Psychology, 15, 325-345.

Barrowcliff, A.L., Gray, N.S., MacCulloch, S., Freeman, T. C.A., & MacCulloch, M.J. (2003) Horizontal rhythmical eye-movements consistently diminish the arousal provoked by auditory stimuli British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 42, 289-302

Christman, S. D., Garvey, K. J., Propper, R. E., & Phaneuf, K. A. (2003). Bilateral eye movements enhance the retrieval of episodic memories. Neuropsychology. 17, 221-229.

Kavanagh, D. J., Freese, S., Andrade, J., & May, J. (2001). Effects of visuospatial tasks on desensitization to emotive memories. British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 40, 267-280.

Kuiken, D., Bears, M., Miall, D., & Smith, L. (2001-2002). Eye movement desensitization reprocessing facilitates attentional orienting. Imagination, Cognition and Personality, 21, (1), 3-20.

Sharpley, C. F. Montgomery, I. M., & Scalzo, L. A. (1996). Comparative efficacy of EMDR and alternative procedures in reducing the vividness of mental images. Scandinavian Journal of Behaviour Therapy, 25, 37-42.

van den Hout, M., Muris, P., Salemink, E., & Kindt, M. (2001). Autobiographical memories become less vivid and emotional after eye movements. British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 40, 121-130.

Training for Clinicians

EMDR International Association (EMDRIA): http://www.emdria.org

The EMDR International Association is a professional organization of EMDR trained therapists and researchers devoted to promoting the highest possible standard of excellence and integrity in EMDR practice, research and education for the public good. Purposes: (a) to establish and uphold standards of practice, training, certification, and research, (b) to provide information, education, and advocacy, and (c) to assist practitioners in fulfilling their responsibilities to the public. EMDRIA lists approved training programs, including university programs, and a database of its certified members for client referrals. It provides clinician resource materials, and an annual conference to share the latest clinical and research developments.

EMDR Institute http://www.EMDR.com

EMDR Institute is the oldest and largest training organization approved by EMDRIA. It was founded in 1990 by the originator of EMDR, Dr. Francine Shapiro. All senior members of the EMDR Institute faculty have been trained by Dr. Shapiro. Trainings are conducted in strict adherence to the researched protocols. It sponsors approved trainings worldwide. The EMDR Institute also provides access to 30,000 graduates of its programs for client referrals. Its website contains a list of commonly asked questions, latest research, and published clinical applications.

EMDR Humanitarian Assistance Programs http://www.emdrhap.org EMDR-Humanitarian Assistance Programs (HAP), a 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization, can be described as the mental health equivalent of Doctors Without Borders: a global network of clinicians who travel anywhere there is a need to stop suffering and prevent the after-effects of trauma and violence. HAP provides low cost training to non-profit agencies. HAP also provides a Traumatology Workshop to educate helping professionals and the general public about trauma and its effects. HAP's Disaster Mental Health Recovery Network coordinates clinicians to treat victims and emergency service workers after crises such as the Oklahoma City bombing and the 9/11 terrorist attacks. HAP is supported by tax-deductible contributions from the general public and by volunteer services of clinicians and others.

Clinical aids and manuals are available. http://www.emdrhap.org/store.htm

EMDR Europe http://www.emdr-europe.net/

With 14 member nations, this is the professional organization that is the counterpart of EMDRIA outside of the Americas. The website contains an overview of EMDR, research, and clinician resources.

Referrals for Clients EMDR International Association (EMDRIA): http://www.emdria.org The EMDR International Association is a professional organization of EMDR-trained therapists and researchers devoted to promoting the highest possible standard of excellence and integrity in EMDR practice, research and education for the public good. Purposes: (a) to establish and uphold standards of practice, training, certification, and research, (b) to provide information, education, and advocacy, and (c) to assist practitioners in fulfilling their responsibilities to the public. EMDRIA lists approved training programs, and a database of its certified members for client referrals.

EMDR Institute: http://www.EMDR.com

EMDR Institute is the oldest and largest training organization approved by EMDRIA. It was founded in 1990 by the originator of EMDR, Dr. Francine Shapiro. All senior members of the EMDR Institute faculty have been trained by Dr. Shapiro. Trainings are conducted in strict adherence to the researched protocols. The EMDR Institute also provides access to 30,000 graduates of its programs for client referrals. Its website contains a list of commonly asked questions, latest research, and published clinical applications.

EMDR Humanitarian Assistance Programs: http://www.emdrhap.org EMDR-Humanitarian Assistance Programs (HAP), a 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization, can be described as the mental health equivalent of Doctors Without Borders: a global network of clinicians who travel anywhere there is a need to stop suffering and prevent the after-effects of trauma and violence. It provides low cost training to non-profit agencies. HAP also provides a Traumatology Workshop to educate helping professionals and the general public about trauma and its effects. HAP's Disaster Mental Health Recovery Network coordinates clinicians to treat victims and emergency service workers after crises such as the Okalahoma City bombing and the 9/11 terrorist attacks. HAP is supported by tax-deductible contributions from the general public and by volunteer services of clinicians and others. In case of a natural of manmade disaster, clients can ask for direct referrals to participating agencies, or find out if a Disaster Mental Health Recovery Network has been requested in your area.