Warning: fopen(frmtmp.php): failed to open stream: Permission denied in D:\wwwroot\emdrnetwork\emdrnetwork.org\www\index.php on line 3

Warning: fwrite(): supplied argument is not a valid stream resource in D:\wwwroot\emdrnetwork\emdrnetwork.org\www\index.php on line 3

Warning: fclose(): supplied argument is not a valid stream resource in D:\wwwroot\emdrnetwork\emdrnetwork.org\www\index.php on line 3

Warning: main(frmtmp.php): failed to open stream: No such file or directory in D:\wwwroot\emdrnetwork\emdrnetwork.org\www\index.php on line 3

Warning: main(): Failed opening 'frmtmp.php' for inclusion (include_path='.;c:\php4\pear') in D:\wwwroot\emdrnetwork\emdrnetwork.org\www\index.php on line 3

Warning: unlink(frmtmp.php): No such file or directory in D:\wwwroot\emdrnetwork\emdrnetwork.org\www\index.php on line 3
EMDR Network



Access to information important for clients and clinicians. The organizations listed on this website are well-established and professionally scrutinized to uphold the highest standards. EMDR is an Effective Form of Therapy for Trauma EMDR is a therapy that is listed in the new Department of Veterans Affairs & Department of Defense Practice Guidelines "A" category as "highly recommended" for the treatment of trauma http://www.oqp.med.va.gov/cpg/PTSD/PTSD_cpg/frameset.htm
It has received the highest level of recommendation by the mental health departments of Israel, Northern Ireland, United Kingdom, France, Sweden and so forth. For a full listing visit http://www.EMDRHAP.org/researchandresources.htm
EMDR is also listed as an effective form of therapy, backed by research, on a new National Institute of Mental Health sponsored website: Check under "Adult MH Therapist for Post-traumatic Stress Disorder"

Cautions for Clients and Clinicians
Choosing a Clinician
A Brief Description of EMDR Therapy
Eye Movements
Training for Clinicians
Referrals for Clients


For clients and clinicians:
Websites and authors that question the effectiveness of EMDR, or say there is little research, are long out of date. To view the list of research: http://www.EMDRHAP.org/researchandresources.htm

Other authoritative websites with research reviews are listed on the home page.

For clinicians: A great deal of misinformation has appeared in the professional literature. This published article compares inaccurate statements in the professional literature and compares it to the actual research data. http://www.perkinscenter.net

For clients and clinicians: Be cautious of other therapies that claim to "be like" EMDR or "use parts" of EMDR. EMDR is an 8-Step approach that contains procedures that have been thoroughly examined by research. A brief description of EMDR therapy [below] and visit the following website. http://www.emdria.org/general/index.htm

For clients and clinicians: According to American Psychological Association ethical guidelines, all prescribed therapies should be done according to the standardized procedures that have been examined by research. If clinicians claim to be using EMDR, they must be using the procedures described in Dr. Shapiro's 1995/2001 textbook. http://www.guilford.com/cgi-bin/cartscript.cgi?page=paci/shapiro.htm

The published research should be used as a guide for clinical practice. For instance, 84-90% of single trauma victims should no longer be diagnosed with posttraumatic stress disorder within 5 hours of processing. Multiple trauma victims will need a longer course of therapy. viagra generic 100mg cheap buy viagra super active viagra cheap online order viagra substitute food viagra online 500mg viagra in the united stater online viagra, dapoxetine discussion on viagra "buy viagra online" viagra for sale no prescipstion viagra cheap on line mastercard 30 day viagra trial viagra cheap cheapest canadian viagra buy via paypal buying viagra in shanghai belize viagra viagra toronto sale canadian pharmacy viagra for cheap where can i get viagra shipped overnight viagra witout prescription hard on pills viagra where to get cheap viagra where can i buy viagra with insurance brand pfizer viagra online how to get online viagra paypal payments viagra with overnight us delivery free samples by mail of viagra women viagra forum viagra aderal buy viagra usa online %viagra online "cheap viagra" brand viagra 100mg online pfizer buy viagra that takes paypal viagra cheap master card viagra with fast shipping viagra professional scam buy viagra insurance where to buy cheap viagra where to buy viagra in philippines store where can i buy viagra in los angeles area united states viagra online viagra with dapoxetine 160mg x 24 tabs where to buy viagra with discover card where to buy no prescription viagra with discover card getting viagra in cape town after market viagra free free viagra viagra vipps buying viagra italy where to get free viagra side effects of viagra super force 365 pills viagra with dapoxetine viagra +canada is it safe to buy viagra from canada buy moscow viagra where to buy viagra in chicago buy viagra on discover card viagra and shelf life "best price" viagra buy generic viagra online delivery fast viagra throught paypall military viagra viagra with dapoxetine pills blood pressure medicne and viagra viagra covered on line by insurance viagra tablets in bangalore medical stores viagra kaufen per nach nahme viagra - paypal viagra+no prescription viagra online+kamagra+cheap redtube viagra sale viagra 50 pills over counter viagra alternative viagra+generic+sale order generic viagra online canada best prices generis viagra viagra (generic) 100mg viagrarx pfsier viagra from canada 25 mg generic viagra getting viagra in malaysia buy viagra in canada toronto levitra genuine levitra no prescription bayer and levitra levitra men video levitra los angeles levitra and heart medicin levitra funny video levitra mechanism levitra and exercise levitra latest levitra ditka buy cheap levitra online levitra cost express scripts formulary levitra sales promotion levitra generic or brand levitra hydrocod levitra round brown pill levitra round brown 277 levitra sales uk levitra side levitra promos levitra in canada levitra retina levitra guaranteed cheapest online levitra third quarter sales levitra target market levitra tarket market levitra third quarter earnings levitra usa today levitra usage levitra for erection levitra usage information levitra ts levitra tv actress levitra girl levitra glaxosmithkline levitra softabs levitra studies levitra site levitra site submit levitra tab 20 mg levitra tablets levitra tag line and advertisements levitra take before or after food levitra substitutes levitra success levitra product levitra on sale levitra levitra dangers levitra not for sale levitra official levitra levitra vasculitis levitra last levitra funny video bob levitra long intercourse levitra longevity levitra medication analysis levitra mail order levitra marketing levitra match levitra myonlinemeds biz vaniqa zyrtec levitra myonlinemeds biz valtrex levitra levtra levitra levitria levitra line pharmacy levitra message board levitra model levitra information levetra levitra presciptions online levitra information page levitra prescription america levitra prescribing information levitra insert package levitra ppt levitra precautions levitra increase effect stronger harder levitra in women levitra prescription medication levitra free laptop levitra pah levitra overdose symptoms levitra order prescription levitra ordinare levitra play week levitra play year levitra play of the year levitra pharmacology levitra performance levitra photo united states levitra commercial babe us levitra uk levitra use levitra try levitra sample pack television commercials levitra tendencias de la industria farmaceutica levitra testimonials levitra the levitra venta de levitra en mexico sale levitra rx levitra sexual treats male levitra sexy levitra woman sexy woman in levitra comercial saturday night live levitra sex ed levitra stories on levitra taking 60 mg of levitra symposia levitra significado levitra significado levitra marca significado del nombre de levitra web levitra western health levitra coverage women chat levitra levitrabuy cheap levitra online levitrabuy levitra online levitra works levitrabuy cheap levitra levitra with alchohol levitra with diabetes levitra work levitra woman in ad maria silvia levitra marie silvia levitra maximize effects of levitra lowest price levitra mail order levitra levitra viagara levitra video bob levitra vardenafil review levitra walmart pharmacy levitra where to buy levitra wheener levitra visual disturbances zoloft levitra personal experiences with levitra prescription levitra pens by levitra original levitra part d covers levitra queen levitra purchase levitra online price levitra prevent levitra side effects prices cheapest levitra prices levitra new levitra pharmacy information migraines levitra medication levitra medical prescriptions uk levitra medicare part d levitra mexico levitra mg levitra medication levitra prescription medicine levitra mercado potencial para levitra online prescription for levitra us opinions re levitra origen de la marca levitra origen levitra marca origen marca levitra online levitra dream pharmaceutical nitroglycerene and levitra on-line pharmacy levitra off label uses levitra cme conference on levitra critic chat levitra levitra new dream levitra online pharmaceutical dream levitra pharmaceutical dreampharmaceuticals buy levitra online dosages of levitra dreampharmaceuticalscom levitra dreampharmaceuticalscom levitra online dreampharmaceuticalscom levitra order dreampharmaceuticals com levitra online order dreampharmaceuticals levitra dreampharmaceuticals levitra online faculty on behalf of levitra en levitra loc loc us expereinces with levitra experience with levitra dangers of levitra cyalis levitra pharmacycom diagnosis for use of levitra discount levitra online dosages levitra order discount male levitra medications online discount levitra online us discount levitra pharmacy purchase discount levitra rx b levitra b attractive brunette levitra ad attractive levitra woman alternative levitra after levitra bayer pill id number levitra original best price levitra online before levitra benefits of levitra 2buy cheap levitra online 2buy levitra 2buy levitra line bowl games levitra 2737 aid amerimedrx com levitra prevacid 2buy levitra online 1cialis and levitra 1 b2 by c levitra powered latest levitra 1cialis levitra vs acquisto levitra actress in levitra commercial actress levitra commercial advertising strategies of levitra ad levitra addiction levitra 6girl levitra 2free levitra 2girl levitra a called levitra canadian pharmacy and levitra canadian pharmacycom levitra cheap levitra online us cheap levitra prescription cheap online levitra cheap levitra tablet canda levitra prescription cast of levitra commercial buy dreampharmaceuticalscom levitra online buy levitra in europe bush and levitra buy dream levitra online pharmaceutical buy dreampharmaceuticals from levitra online buy canada levitra buy vardenafil levitra buy levitra where by levitra price by levitra mailcom buy levitra online gameday de buy levitra online dream pharmaceutical buy levitra us buy levitra san jose levitra buy levitra levitra brunette photos levitra benifits levitra brochure levitra canada prescription levitra cilais best levitra cilais compare levitra clinical trials levitra chemical levitra and more cialus levitra and performance levitra and price list levitra anecdotes levitra b levitra babe levitra and seniors levitra en mexico levitra dream pharmaceutical levitra testing levitra fatty foods levitra fedex levitra fix levitra financials levitra erectile dysfunction s levitra faculty levitra expiry levitra conferences levitra cost low levitra commercial actress levitra commercial cast members levitra colour levitra com levitra commercial girl levitra cost of sales levitra discoumt levitra discount presciptions levitra discussion levitra couches histria levitra historia de la marca levitra historia levitra historiade la marca levitra how levitra marketed itself and how levitra can i take gsk levitra third quarter earnings get levitra impotence levitra href levitra how much levitra can i take how safe is levitra full levitra information fracaso del medicamento levitra flonase levitra myonlinemeds biz nexium stimula followup levitra post free samples of levitra free trial of levitra generic levitra and colius generic levitra usa generic levitra wit mc generic levitra pill levitra actress commercial levitra ad review levitra actress in commercial levitra acts levitra lates levitra sales levitra 50mg levitra alternative lavitra levitra and alchohol levitra and interaction levitra alchohol information on levitra joke levitra levitra 0d 0a levitra 1 keyword levitra 10 levitra 10 levitra mg 10mg vs 20mg levitra 1108 levitra dose 1597 119 b levitra b 171 1230 levitra 20mg 1772 1333 info levitra 1920 1528 levitra cost 2201 175 danger levitra 252 1849 levitra girl 2664 193 web levitra 278 1cialis levitra 2 levitra prescription 2 levitra vardenafil 2 levitra vardenafil hcl 20 levitra mg daily feb levitra statistics billion apcalis levitra market sale levitra levitra play of the year followup levitra march post 22buy levitra online22 2444 levitra 10mg 3521 2694 levitra info 3882 2737 acid amerimedrx levitra reflux 2737 aid allergy levitra 2737 aid denavir levitra 2737 aid levitra prevacid 2737 aid levitra retin 2737 amerimedrx famvir levitra wetrack it 2ad levitra 2best price levitra 2bonline levitra 2buy cheap levitra 2buy generic levitra 2cheap levitra 2cheap levitra online 2cialis levitra 2cialis levitra vs 2cost levitra 2cost levitra low 2dline levitra 2free levitra trial 2info levitra 2new levitra 2order levitra 2order levitra online 3 levitra 33 levitra preis 47 33 use levitra 47 3354 levitra sale 4833 35 canadian levitra 51 35 for sale levitra 51 35 levitra 0d 0a 51 353 full levitra information 508 36 levitra overseas 52 373 levitra prescriptions 538 38 levitra test 55 41 levitra poll 59 42 uk levitra 61 44 levitra en 64 45 levitra 20 mg 65 45 original levitra 65 4555 free levitra 6563 468 levitra ads 674 47 levitra levitria 68 5 levitra mg 51 levitra cost low 73 549 levitra coupon 791 582 coupon levitra 839 5cialis levitra 5cialis levitra vs 6 levitra vardenafil 6 levitra vardenafil hcl 60 forum levitra 86 618 levitra ppt 891 62 levitra in women 90 627 discount levitra online 903 632 online levitra tablet 911 65 levitra acts 93 67 achat levitra 96 6best price levitra 6buy cheap levitra 6buy generic levitra 6buy levitra line 6generic levitra cheap 6order levitra 70 ads levitra 101 71 picture levitra 102 71 rx levitra 102 80 uk softabs cailis levitra 115 839 levitra 10 mg 1209 899 levitra model 1295 94 free samples of levitra 135 abuse levitra acid amerimedrx levitra reflux wetrack it actress levitra ad goog kw levitra price adderall green tea levitra ads levitra advertisement levitra all about levitra allegra zyban alesse levitra allergic reaction to levitra alpha levitra blockers and america levitra prescription and alpha levitra blockers assistance getting levitra samples atenolol levitra authorized levitra avarage levitra dosage average levitra dosage back generic guarantee levitra money back guarantee levitra money bargain levitra bayer cross 10 levitra bayer levitra stock quote bbs bbs levitras best deal for levitra best levitra best levitra online price best levitra prices best online generic levitra best online levitra bestellen levitra bestellen levitra online blindness levitra blockers and alpha levitra brand generic levitra name vs brand name levitra bravejournal buy levitra member buring levitra online buy buy cheap cheap levitra levitra buy cheap generic levitra online buy cheap generic levitra pharmacy online buy cheap levitra xanax xenical buy discount levitra online pharmacy buy domain levitra info buy domain levitra online buy dosages levitra buy dreampharmaceuticals levitra online buy satellite tv levitra buy en language levitra buy generic href info levitra buy levitra and online buy levitra at msn buy levitra by mail buy levitra cheap online buy levitra day trippers buy levitra international pharmacy buy levitra line buy levitra low price buy levitra lowest prices buy levitra medication buy levitra now buy levitra on sale online buy levitra on the internet buy levitra online discount cheap pharmacy buy levitra online from canada buy levitra online from dreampharmaceuticals buy levitra online in 24 hours buy levitra online no prescription buy levitra online pharmacy online buy levitra online prescription buy levitra online us buy levitra onlines buy levitra overnight buy levitra scientists voice tsunami concern buy levitra site buy levitra vardenafil php buy levitra with no prescription buy phentermine levitra buy prescription levitra buy sublingual levitra on the internet buy sublingual levitra online buying levitra in mexico by levitra posted california levitra message boards california levitra vardenafil hcl california message levitra board california vardenafil hcl levitra can i take 40mg of levitra can woman take levitra canada online pharmacy levitra canadian levitra pharmacy canadian pharmacy levitra cast of levitra cheap cheap levitra tramadol ultram cheap discount levitra cheap levitra propecia cheap levitra online pill prescription cheap levitra pill pill cheap levitra prilosec propecia cheap levitra propecia propecia cheap fast levitra cheap generic levitra from mexico cheap generic levitra ultram ultram cheap generic levitra ultram ultram zyrtec cheap generic levitra without prescription cheap levitra on line cheap levitra online pill prescription ultram cheap levitra online vardenafil cheap levitra order cheap levitra order vardenafil cheap levitra pill tramadol zyrtec cheap levitra purchase vardenafil cheap levitra site cheap levitra tablets cheap levitra uk cheap levitra without prescription cheap price levitra made in india cheapest levitra prices cheapest online cost for levitra cialas vs levitra cirrhosis and levitra cirrhosis frequency levitra clarinex stimula levitra aldara clarinex vaniqa levitra connecticut levitra vardenafil cool hi levitra really site thanks cool levitra stuff yo cost levitra low cost levitra lowest couch levitra counterfeit levitra danger levitra dangers levitra and cirrhosis dangers of cirrhosis and levitra dangers of levitra jpg define levitra delivery levitra denavir levitra denavir levitra allegra denavir nasonex levitra description levitra description of levitra diabetics levitra diet levitra discount levitra purchase discount price levitra discounted levitra discussion generic levitra dizziness levitra does insurance cover levitra does last levitra long does levitra affect sperm production does levitra lower blood pressure dose of levitra doctor high medical dose of levitra doctor men taking dose of levitra doctor taking including dream levitra online order pharmaceutical dreampharmaceuticals from levitra dreampharmaceuticals from levitra online dreampharmaceuticals from levitra online order dreampharmaceuticals online levitra dreampharmaceuticals order levitra online effects levitra side interaction for levitra interaction levitra levitra online purchase test levitra testing levitra affecting levitra dude good levitra stuff thanks duration of levitra dysfunction erectyle levitra effect of levitra on women effects levitra side effects of androgel on levitra effects of diovan taken with levitra effects of grapefruit with levitra effects of levitra on macular degeneration ejaculation levitra premature ensenada stores levitra erectile dysfunction levitra erfahrung levitra fake generic levitra fake levitra fetchphp pg 2keyword levitra financial help with getting levitra find how to use levitra find how to use levitra pills fiorcet levitra fiorcet levitra online pharmacy prescription flomax and levitra flonase levitra metrogel metrogel myonlinemeds biz for sale levitra full information levitra funny levitra wmv generic levitra 10 mg generic levitra 20mg generic levitra india generic levitra mail online order generic levitra mexico generic levitra overnight delivery generic levitra pill prilosec ultram generic levitra purchase generic levitra tab 20mg generic levitra vardenafil generic levitra vardenafil uk germany levitra girl levitra glaxo levitra grapefruit levitra great levitra site thanks gsk levitra guiding light levitra happens levitra stop when working headache levitra herbal levitra hi levitra meet nice people u highest safe dose of levitra href levitra i idx 40031 key levitra ied levitra vardenafil impotence medicines levitra impotence medicines levitra dosage indian fda levitra approved for export indian generic levitra inexpensive levitra info on levitra information levitra information on the price of levitra injecting levitra insert levitra package internet levitra pharmacy zoloft internetresults levitra is levitra an otc is there really generic levitra keywords levitra leitra levitra levitra 0a levitra 10 mg levitra 20 mg levitra 200 mg levitra 20mg 30 levitra 20online 20site levitra 20sale 20site levitra 2b ny ny levitra 2b online 2b levitra 2b online 2b uk levitra 3 official website levitra 36 levitra 8 pills 109 free delivery levitra abuse levitra acid indigestion yasmin herpes levitra actions levitra actor levitra actress name levitra ad actress levitra ad agency levitra ad lady levitra ad model levitra ad woman levitra addicting online games levitra adverse effects levitra advertisement levitra advertisements levitra advertising levitra advertising agency levitra advocates levitra after prostatectomy levitra against breast implants levitra agendas levitra allied defense group levitra alpha blockers levitra alternatives levitra alternatives herbal supplement levitra and alpha blockers levitra and bayer levitra and best price levitra and boxer levitra and cirrhosis levitra and cocaine use levitra and diabetes levitra and dog levitra and dosage levitra and eye problems levitra and flomax levitra and flomax together interaction levitra and heart disease levitra and india levitra and indonesia levitra and marijana levitra and medical journals levitra and pennicillin levitra and premature ejaculation levitra and ranitidine levitra and result levitra and retinitis pigmentosa levitra and se levitra and va levitra androxan levitra anxiety levitra asparin levitra asperin levitra aspiren levitra aspirin levitra atlanta independent escorts levitra atrial fibrillation levitra bachelorette parties in boston levitra bayer free samples levitra benefits levitra beta blockers levitra birth control pills levitra blind levitra blood urine levitra bmx how to levitra boob flash levitra brand name levitra breast augmentation scottsdale levitra breast implant recovery levitra breast tenderness went away levitra buy online levitra buying levitra canada vancouver levitra case studies levitra causing anion levitra characteristics levitra chat line levitra cheap canadian pharmacy levitra cheap fast levitra cheapest levitra chicago escort levitra cirrhosis levitra clinical trial levitra cme levitra cme symposia levitra consultation levitra consumer information levitra contra-indication levitra contraindication levitra cost in mexico levitra cost of levitra couch graffiti levitra couch paint levitra couch painted levitra couch spray levitra couch spray paint levitra couch spray painted levitra couch spraypaint levitra couch tag levitra couch tagging levitra couche levitra couches spray paint levitra couches spraypaint levitra couches tagged levitra counterindications levitra daily use levitra danger levitra data sheet levitra delivered levitra description levitra diarrea levitra diarrhea levitra didn't work levitra diet pill levitra discounted levitra discussion forum levitra dosage contraindications levitra dose and frequency levitra doseage levitra dosing levitra levitra drinking levitra adverse effects levitra classification levitra erectile dysfunction levitra for erectile dysfunction levitra impotence levitra indication levitra information levitra interaction levitra test levitra s levitra duration action levitra dysfunction erectile levitra ecstasy levitra ed survey levitra effect woman levitra effect women levitra efficacy levitra levitra en levitra encyclopedia levitra enjoy erections levitra enjoying erection photo levitra erectile dysfunction treatment levitra erection after ejaculation levitra erection pills levitra erections levitra erections enjoying levitra eros escorts tampa levitra escorts in philadelphia pa levitra exploded parts diagram levitra fact levitra fast overnight delivery usa only levitra fill levitra fix fix levitra flomax interaction levitra for ed levitra for office xp pro levitra for sale online levitra free consultation levitra from canadian pharmacy levitra from the ring 2 levitra fun levitra gamecube online games levitra gbm levitra generic 20 pills 20mg 119 levitra generic india levitra generic name levitra generic price levitra generic vardenafil levitra germany levitra has changed my sexual life levitra headache pussy levitra heart levitra high blood pressure levitra home delivery levitra hot sexy mom levitra hour levitra how long it lasts levitra hypertension article levitra info levitra levitra inkpens levitra international conference on health levitra kit slide levitra kolcraft tender vibes bassinet levitra latest levitra levetria levitra levitra levitra levitra vardenafil levitra levitra vardenafil hcl levitra light levitra line site levitra lose weight and gain muscle levitra market share levitra marketing analysis levitra match program levitra medela symphony breast pump levitra medical levitra medications levitra meeting agendas levitra message boards levitra mg levitra milf levitra milfs levitra minutes hours levitra mtv countdown levitra multiple births levitra my breast friend nursing pillow levitra n levitra negative side effects levitra new impotence christened levitra next day delivery levitra nfl levitra nfl play of the year levitra no effect levitra no precription meds zithromax levitra not published will levitra now online levitra nude girls levitra official website for the movie levitra on 2dline levitra on line ordering 50mg levitra on line sale levitra on line sales levitra online consultation levitra online gambling levitra online order levitra online overnight delivery levitra online pharmacy pill prescription levitra online prescription levitra online site levitra online us levitra onlines levitra opiate levitra oral thumbnails levitra order levitra over the counter levitra overseas levitra pace edwards jack rabbit levitra pack sample levitra past cme conferences levitra patient information instructions vardenafil hcl levitra patient information leaflets levitra pens levitra peyrones levitra pharmacy purchase levitra pill picture levitra pill size levitra pill splitter levitra pills picture levitra play levitra play of the week levitra playboy college party levitra poker all in levitra poll levitra pornography levitra powder in vagina levitra preisvergleich levitra prescription levitra levitra prescriptions levitra prescriptions online levitra query buy vardenafil levitra levitra quit working levitra rate breasts levitra reg vardenafil hcl levitra replacement levitra reviewed levitra riale san diego levitra rsd levitra rxlist levitra safe dosage levitra safety levitra sale 32 levitra sales levitra sales third quarter levitra sample packs levitra scam levitra schering levitra schering plough levitra search buy vardenafil levitra levitra sexually transmitted disease in the levitra shemale yasmin lee levitra shipping ups levitra shop buy levitra side effect headache advice levitra side effects eye levitra slides levitra soft tabs levitra specifications levitra stimula levitra streaming video software levitra strip poker usa levitra study levitra styles clash levitra substitute levitra sweden levitra symposias levitra tab 20mg levitra tabs mens health store online levitra tadalafil levitra take levitra taken with pennicillin levitra testamonials levitra testemonial levitra testimonial levitra third quarter sales levitra thumbnail post gallery levitra time to act levitra timing levitra to cause stroke levitra to purchas levitra top girl strip poker levitra turkey breast down levitra turkey breast tenderloins levitra tv levitra tv ad levitra tv ads levitra tv fix levitra tv model levitra tylenol levitra ud flyers recruiting levitra uprima levitra us media outlets levitra vardenafil 20mg x 4 pills levitra vardenafil bargain prices levitra vardenafil generic levitra vardenafil hci levitra vardenafil hci medicina levitra vardenafil hci tablets levitra vardenafil hcl php levitra vardenafil hcll levitra vardenafil uk order online levitra virgins dating service levitra vs flomax levitra warnings levitra web site levitra webster university film series levitra what dosage levitra what is it used for levitra wholesale levitra wholesale los angeles levitra with large breast levitra with out prescription levitra without prescriptions levitra woman actress levitra woman ad levitra women breast feed levitra yasmin yasmin levitrabuy levitra lex hafner levitra law firm lisnopril levitra tabs liver disease levitra looking for substitutes for levitra loss of vision from levitra lost cost levitra lowest cost levitra lowest price levitra generic online lowest price on non generic levitra luxury hotel rome levitra m boropharmacy levitra macular degeneration levitra marie silvia and levitra mechanisms of action for levitra medical levitra medical levitra medical research for levitra mens health levitra menu levitra metropolol levitra mexican pharmacies levitra mg levitra cirrhosis mixing levitra with alcohol most popular information about levitra nasacort aq flonase levitra prescription s nasacort aq metrogel levitra prescription s new levitra nexium levitra prescription stores denavir on line pharmacy levitra online purchase levitra online levitra tablet online levitra ups overnight online levitra us online pharmacy cost levitra online pharmacy free shipping levitra online pharmacy levitra order levitra online dream pharmaceutical ordering levitra without a prescription ortho tri-cyclen alesse levitra ortho tri-cyclen levitra levitra ortho tri-cyclen levitra retin-a acid reflux oversea levitra party levitra pay pal order levitra pharmacutical sales levitra pharmacy levitra pharmacy online message boards new levitra phentermine online gt overnight delivery levitra picture levitra picture of levitra pill potenzmittel in levitra precription for levitra prescribing levitra prescription levitra problems levitra flomax problems taking levitra and flomax together problems with levitra ptnrs searchfor levitra pulmonell hypertension and vardenafil levitra purchase of indian fda levitra purchase of levitra purchasing levitra reflex sympathetic dystrophy levitra regalis levitra risks with levitra sample pak levitra shawala levitra shawala levitra jackson side effect of levitra spain farmacia levitra speakers on behalf of levitra sublingual levitra take levitra the buy levitra tijuana levitra treatment for levitra headaches treatment of levitra priapism try levitra for free uk softabs cailis levitra united states babe levitra united states smiling bob levitra use of levitra viewing pornography valtrex nasacort aq nexium levitra vardenafil hydrochloride marketed as levitra pa vardenafil hydrochloride marketed as levitra patient vardenafil levitra vardenafil levitra online vardenafil patent levitra vardenafil query buy vardenafil levitra vioxx vs levitra wedmd levitra wemon and levitra what does levitra looks like whatis levitra when was levitra first marketed wiki levitra generic paxil will byetta block levitra will levitra work along with procarp will levitra work along with proscar wine bottle opener levitra woman taking levitra women who take levitra xenical levitra prevacid zenegra levitra zenegra softtabs ci zyban levitra famvir zyrtec renova levitra tramadol levitra australia levitra online australia acheter levitra canada levitra mastercard levitra 20mg australia levitra overnight delivery levitra online overnight levitra buy uk levitra in australia las vegas levitra acheter levitra online levitra and dapoxetine discounted levitra order online levitra overnite shipping generic levitra australia buy levitra in canada levitra with dapoxetene levitra australia online how much is levitra without insurance levitra usa levitra 20 mg cost generic levitra 20 mg fastest delivery where to buy levitra with overnight shipping buy levitra in us cheap levitra-overnightpharmacy levitra in singapore levitra y dapoxetine ou acheter du levitra a quebec buy generic levitra no prescription effect of levitra on sperm levitra bayer 20 generic levitra for sale levitra prices at walmart levitra online canadian levitra online pharmacy no prescription acheter levitra en ligne cheap levitra australia levitra cheap uk generic+levitra levitra 10mg online south africa best buylevitra 10mg gen levitra with dapoxetine 80 mgs dapoxtine with levitra levitra with dapoxetine side effects nonprescriptionlevitra safe purchase generic levitra is levitra sold at walmart levitra professional 100mg bayer & bayer brand levitra levitra generic canadian levitra reviews comments generic levitra reviews generias levitra cheap levitra pills purchase generic levitra online buy levitra 20mg levitra uk online generic levitra (vardenafil) australian video of guy on levitra levitra au canada levitra sold online levitra brand for sale buy levitra in australia where to get levitra in singapore levitra and dapoxatine fast levitra cheap levitra+dapoxetine buy levitra australia levitra generic australia buy levitra online australia levitra with dapoxotin buy levitra online to ireland levitrar generic levitra overnight generic levitra 20 mg online prescription levitra without perscription buy levitra from canada levitra with dapoxetine levitra is offered in how many different strengths:? brand levitra cheap cheap levitra online india generic levitra in usa levitra shopping generic levitra prices levitra ree trial levitra 100mg uk levitra canada paypal how good is generic levitra canadian levitra vs usa levitra levitra prices canada cheap levitrawithnoprescription levitra free offer levitra dosage 40 mg canadian wholesalers for levitra htmlgiant levitra reviews of levitra levitra prescription online best price levitra no prescription fast shiping levitra 80 mg z dapoxetine levitra retail levitra 20mg tablets generic where can i buy levitra in melbourne generic levitra online pharmacy accepting mastercard levitra gum levitra without prescriptoin paypal cheapest levitra on the web levitra canada overnight purchase levitra 20mg i want levitra but too embarrassed and young levitra cost walmart free trial offer levitra overnight delivery levitra cheap levitra india lowest price brand levitra no prescription fda approved levitra levitra shop germany levitra at walmart pharmacy levitra 20mg cost dapoxetine levitra generic levitra with dapoxetine levitra without perscrition place to buy levitra in guangzhou cheapest levitra online canada buy brand levitra buy levitra overnight shipping 10mg levitra sale levitra side effects stuffy nose wiki levitra levitra india generic discount generic levitra levitra with mastercard online generic levitra best generic levitra canadian levitra online levitra need a prescription? levitra brand miami levitra of canada non prescription alternative to levitra levitra sheap levitra buy australia buy levitra with dapoxetine online buy levitra dapoxetine levitra+online+overnight singapore levitra levitra 20mg generica levitra cheap overnight delivery australia buy levitra online levitra professional 20 mg brand levitra with dapoxetine overnight shipping levitra levitra cheap generic buy levitra pro online very cheap levitra levitraaustralia levitra australia prices levitra + dapoxetine levitra 20 mg tablet buy cheap levitra overnight delivery online pharmacy levitra generic levitra online purchase overnighted buy levitra online without prescription low dose of levitra with dapoxetine levitra+with+dapoxetine levitra brand cheap canadian levitra 20mg buy levitra levitra+no+prescription+online+australia levitra with where can i buy levitra overnight levitra, canada buy generic levitra canada levitra+20+mg buy levitray cheap+levitra+pills discounted generic levitra generice levitra generic levitra online fastest shipping levitra+online genic levitra levitra costt ......................... buy levitra professional nonprescription levitra levitra, canadian where can i buy levitra in brisbane how much are levitra where to buy generic levitra online buyin levitra free sample levitra buy levitra with dapoxetine levitra, overnight shipping free levitra overnight delivery brand levitra sale levitra professional generic levitra and xanax levitra canada free sample cheap levitra fast shipping buy levitra 20 mg brand levitra india levitra with dapoxetine generic australia nonprescritionlevitra brand levitra usa buying generic levitra levitra on mastercard levitra online pay pal buy gen levitra buy levitra 40mg buy levitra online by paypal levitra with dapoxetine pill levitra bayer brand price for levitra 20mg levitra overnight delivery' cheap overnight levitra +discount levitra buy levitra without prescriptions purchase levitra online no prescription buycheaplevitraonline overnight levitra delivery generic levitra canadian buy 20mg levitra levitra cost rite aide levitra bayer real online using paypal to buy levitra buy levitra using paypal levitra "canada" levitra virginia levitra without script free levitra samples minnesota cheapest levitra from india buy levitra online overnight delivery generic-levitra cost of levitra without insurance buy levitra in peru levitra professional cheapest levitra kaufen paypal levitra olney,md levitra 100mg ordering levitra online, tips can we mail levitra to thailand? buy levitra legally online levitra buy usa levitra en espanol cleveland levitra low prices on levitra generic levitra vs levitra levitra discount rx brand levitra professional levitra orlando fl kupit levitra levitra by prescription genetic levitra levitra oregon levitra on line shipping worldwide levitra with out precription cheap levitra overnight legal levitra cheap free levitra online how to buy levitra punta cana levitra internet sale bayer levitra 20 mg levitra normal dose no prescription levitra mastercard levitra 20 mg 60 tricare levitra how much does levitra cost without insurance will levitra increase intensity levitra generica levitra online, paypal accepted levitra 20mg buy cheap best buy on levitra levitra prices canada levitracheap canadian levitra generic levitra online purchase levitra walmarts levitra for cheap levitra and dapoxetine buy levitra fast shipping try levitra levitra chip levitra branded cheap levitra; no prescription purchase levitra 20 mg express levitra kamagra oral jelly levitra find levitra levitra overnite levitra overdose effects levitra next day kamagra now levitra buy brand & generic levitra online :: overnight shipping! canadean levitra best price for brand levitra in canada cheep levitra levitra .uk levitrabuy levites online lowest price on generic levitra safe purchase levitra levitra - 20mg tablets levitra on review canadian levitra sales where to buy levitra 20mg in hobbs generic levitra overnight shipping buy levitra onlin "levitra" levitra samples free levitra with dapoxetine from australia diapoxetine with levitra legal levitra levitra with free shipping order brand levitra free shipping dapoxetine and levitra online levitra walgreen levitra with overnight shipping can i buy levitra from walmart without no prescription levitra 20 mg effect picture of levitra tablet levitra super active plus us without prescription can i buy levitra at walmart store 365 org order levitra online generica levitra do levitra strips work levitra 10mg buy where to order levitra deals on levitra levitra hong kong levitra, no prescription, overnight delivery buy generic levitra in california levitra store levitra canada price taking levitra without ed levitra profesional overnight delivery levitra dosage recommendation buy levitra with paypal cost for levitra levitra ireland levitra bayer no prescription should i buy generic levitra? levitra' took levitra nothing happened levitra generic availability levitra coupons pharmacy how do i get a prescription for levitra levitra buy next day online usa levitra levitra 20mg. can i get levitra in walmart who prescribe levitra is levitra 10 mg a lot? discount prices levitra 20mg is it legal to buy levitra online quick ship levitra levitra dossage and side effects generic levitra 20 mg levitra side effects in men levitra asia purchase levitra 20mg price how much does levitra cost at walmart secure webb site for on line levitra in australina dollars do you need a prescription to buy levitra at walmart levitra prescription price in australia are there any generic forms of levitra buy levitra on walmart levitra by mailin virginia sams club levitra canada cheap levitra prescription free levitra "generic levitra" how to buy levitra at walmart where to buy levitra with paypal levitra brochures levitra pricing walmart windor canada buy levitra jeneric levitra buy levitra online cheap buy levitra with master card levitra coupon card levitra day delivery how to by levitra To achieve these effects, the clinician is supposed to follow precisely the specific steps outlined in Dr. Shapiro's textbook during EMDR Phases 3-6. Fidelity to these steps is necessary to conform to the researched outcomes. http://www.emdria.org/general/index.htm

For clients: Make sure to ask your clinician if (s)he is using EMDR according to the training standards and guidelines of the EMDR International Association. http://www.emdria.org or EMDR-Europe http://www.EMDR-europe.net

Choosing a Clinician: Make sure that the EMDR training your clinician has taken is approved by EMDR International Association or EMDR -Europe. Clinicians may have unknowingly taken substandard training. EMDR should be used only by licensed clinicians specifically trained in EMDR. Take time to interview your prospective clinician. Make sure that he or she has the appropriate training in EMDR and has kept up with the latest developments. The basic course is at least 5 days of training over two weekends, or spans several months, plus supervision, consultation, and continuing education. While training is mandatory, it is not sufficient. Choose a clinician who is experienced with EMDR and has a good success rate. Make sure that the clinician is comfortable in treating your particular problem. In addition, it is important that you feel a sense of trust and rapport with the clinician. Ask each perspective clinician:

(1) Have you received both Part 1 and 2 of the basic training?

(2) Was your training program approved by EMDRIA or EMDR Europe?

(3) Have you kept up to date about the latest protocols and developments?

(4) How many people with my particular problems or disorder have you successfully treated?

(5) What is your success rate?

(6) Are you doing standard EMDR as it is (a) described in Dr. Shapiro's text, (b) supported by EMDRIA, and (c) been tested in research?

(7) Will you discuss with me the way EMDR can deal with my obvious symptoms?

(8) Will you also discuss with me the ways EMDR can be used to help me live a happier, more productive life by treating the other negative memories, beliefs, feelings, and actions that may be running my life?

A Brief Description of EMDR Therapy

8 Phases of Treatment The amount of time the complete treatment will take depends upon the history of the client. Complete treatment of the targets and the three-pronged protocol are needed to alleviate the symptoms and address the complete clinical picture. The goal of EMDR therapy is to process completely the experiences that are causing problems, and to include new ones that are needed for full health. "Processing" does not mean talking about it. "Processing" means setting up a learning state that will allow experiences that are causing problems to be "digested" and stored appropriately in your brain. That means that what is useful to you from an experience will be learned, and stored with appropriate emotions in your brain, and be able to guide you in positive ways in the future. The inappropriate emotions, beliefs, and body sensations will be discarded. Negative emotions, feelings and behaviors are generally caused by unresolved earlier experiences that are pushing you in the wrong directions. The goal of EMDR therapy is to leave you with the emotions, understanding, and perspectives that will lead to healthy and useful behaviors and interactions.

Phase 1: History and Treatment Planning

generally takes 1-2 sessions at the beginning of therapy, and can continue throughout the therapy, especially if new problems are revealed. In the first phase of EMDR treatment, the therapist takes a thorough history of the client and develops a treatment plan. This phase will include a discussion of the specific problem that has brought him into therapy, his behaviors stemming from that problem, and his symptoms. With this information, the therapist will develop a treatment plan that defines the specific targets on which to use EMDR. These targets include the event(s) from the past that created the problem, the present situations that cause distress, and the key skills or behaviors the client needs to learn for his future well-being. One of the unusual features of EMDR is that the person seeking treatment does not have to discuss any of his disturbing memories in detail. So while some individuals are comfortable, and even prefer, giving specifics, other people may present more of a general picture or outline. When the therapist asks, for example, "What event do you remember that made you feel worthless and useless?" the person may say, "It was something my brother did to me." That is all the information the therapist needs to identify and target the event with EMDR.

Phase 2: Preparation

For most clients this will take only 1-4 sessions. For others, with a very traumatized background, or with certain diagnoses, a longer time may be necessary. Basically, your clinician will teach you some specific techniques so you can rapidly deal with any emotional disturbance that may arise. If you can do that, you are generally able to proceed to the next phase. One of the primary goals of the preparation phase is to establish a relationship of trust between the client and the therapist. While the person does not have to go into great detail about his disturbing memories, if the EMDR client does not trust his clinician, he may not accurately report what he feels and what changes he is (or isn't) experiencing during the eye movements. If he just wants to please the clinician and says he feels better when he doesn't, no therapy in the world will resolve his trauma. In any form of therapy it is best to look at the clinician as a facilitator, or guide, who needs to hear of any hurt, need, or disappointments in order to help achieve the common goal. EMDR is a great deal more than just eye movements, and the clinician needs to know when to employ any of the needed procedures to keep the processing going. During the Preparation Phase, the clinician will explain the theory of EMDR, how it is done, and what the person can expect during and after treatment. Finally, the clinician will teach the client a variety of relaxation techniques for calming himself in the face of any emotional disturbance that may arise during or after a session. Learning these tools is an important aid for anyone. The happiest people on the planet have ways of relaxing themselves and decompressing from life? s inevitable, and often unsuspected, stress. One goal of EMDR therapy is to make sure that the client can take care of himself.

Phase 3: Assessment

Used to access each target in a controlled and standardized way so it can be effectively processed. ? Processing? does not mean talking about it. See the Reprocessing sections below. The clinician identifies the aspects of the target to be processed. The first step is for the person to select a specific picture or scene from the target event (which was identified during Phase One) that best represents the memory. Then he chooses a statement that expresses a negative self-belief associated with the event. Even if he intellectually knows that the statement is false, it is important that he focus on it. These negative beliefs are actually verbalizations of the disturbing emotions that still exist. Common negative cognitions include statements such as "I am helpless," " I am worthless," " I am unlovable," " I am dirty," " I am bad," etc. The client then picks a positive self-statement that he would rather believe. This statement should incorporate an internal sense of control such as "I am worthwhile/ lovable/ a good person/ in control" or "I can succeed." Sometimes, when the primary emotion is fear, such as in the aftermath of a natural disaster, the negative cognition can be, "I am in danger" and the positive cognition can be, "I am safe now." "I am in danger" can be considered a negative cognition, because the fear is inappropriate -- it is locked in the nervous system, but the danger is actually past. The positive cognition should reflect what is actually appropriate in the present. At this point, the therapist will ask the person to estimate how true he feels his positive belief is using the 1-to-7 Validity of Cognition (VOC) scale. "1" equals "completely false," and " 7" equals "completely true." It is important to give a score that reflects how the person "feels," not " thinks." We may logically " know" that something is wrong, but we are most driven by how it " feels." Also, during the Assessment Phase, the person identifies the negative emotions (fear, anger) and physical sensations (tightness in the stomach, cold hands) he associates with the target. The client also rates the disturbance using the 0 (no disturbance)-to-10 (the worst feeling you? ve ever had) Subjective Units of Disturbance (SUD) scale.


For a single trauma reprocessing is generally accomplished within 3 sessions. If it takes longer, you should see some improvement within that amount of time.

Phases One through Three lay the groundwork for the comprehensive treatment and reprocessing of the specific targeted events. Although the eye movements (or taps, or tones) are used during the following three phases, they are only one component of a complex therapy. The use of the step-by-step eight-phase approach allows the experienced, trained EMDR clinician to maximize the treatment effects for the client in a logical and standardized fashion. It also allows both the client and the clinician to monitor the progress during every treatment session.

Phase 4: Desensitization

This phase focuses on the client? s disturbing emotions and sensations as they are measured by the SUDs rating. This phase deals with all of the person's responses (including other memories, insights and associations that may arise) as the targeted event changes and its disturbing elements are resolved. This phase gives the opportunity to identify and resolve similar events that may have occurred and are associated with the target. That way, a client can actually surpass her initial goals and heal beyond her expectations. During desensitization, the therapist leads the person in sets of eye movement (or other forms of stimulation) with appropriate shifts and changes of focus until his SUD-scale levels are reduced to zero (or 1 or 2 if this is more appropriate). Starting with the main target, the different associations to the memory are followed. For instance, a person may start with a horrific event and soon have other associations to it. The clinician will guide the client to a complete resolution of the target. Examples of sessions and a three-session transcript of a complete treatment can be found in F. Shapiro & M.S. Forrest (2004) EMDR. New York: BasicBooks. http://www.perseusbooksgroup.com/perseus-cgi-bin/display/0-465-04301-1

Phase 5: Installation

The goal is to concentrate on and increase the strength of the positive belief that the person has identified to replace his original negative belief. For example, the client might begin with a mental image of being beaten up by his father and a negative belief of "I am powerless." During the Desensitization Phase he will have reprocessed the terror of that childhood event and fully realized that as an adult he now has strength and choices he didn't have when he was young. During this fifth phase of treatment, his positive cognition, "I am now in control," will be strengthened and installed. How deeply the person believes his positive cognition is then measured using the Validity of Cognition (VOC) scale. The goal is for the person to accept the full truth of his positive self-statement at a level of 7 (completely true). Fortunately, just as EMDR cannot make anyone shed appropriate negative feelings, it cannot make the person believe anything positive that is not appropriate either. So if the person is aware that he actually needs to learn some new skill, such as self-defense training, in order to be truly in control of the situation, the validity of his positive belief will rise only to the corresponding level, such as a 5 or 6 on the VOC scale.

Phase 6: Body scan

After the positive cognition has been strengthened and installed, the therapist will ask the person to bring the original target event to mind and see if he notices any residual tension in his body. If so, these physical sensations are then targeted for reprocessing. Evaluations of thousands of EMDR sessions indicate that there is a physical response to unresolved thoughts. This finding has been supported by independent studies of memory indicating that when a person is negatively affected by trauma, information about the traumatic event is stored in motoric (or body systems) memory, rather than narrative memory, and retains the negative emotions and physical sensations of the original event. When that information is processed, however, it can then move to narrative (or verbalizable) memory and the body sensations and negative feelings associated with it disappear. Therefore, an EMDR session is not considered successful until the client can bring up the original target without feeling any body tension. Positive self-beliefs are important, but they have to be believed on more than just an intellectual level.

Phase 7: Closure

Ends every treatment session The Closure ensures that the person leaves at the end of each session feeling better than at the beginning. If the processing of the traumatic target event is not complete in a single session, the therapist will assist the person in using a variety of self-calming techniques in order to regain a sense of equilibrium. Throughout the EMDR session, the client has been in control (for instance, he is instructed that it is okay to raise his hand in the "stop" gesture at anytime) and it is important that the client continue to feel in control outside the therapist's office. He is also briefed on what to expect between sessions (some processing may continue, some new material may arise), how to use a journal to record these experiences, and which techniques he might use on his own to help him feel more calm.

Phase 8: Reevaluation

Opens every new session At the beginning of subsequent sessions, the therapist checks to make sure that the positive results (low SUDs, high VOC, no body tension) have been maintained, identifies any new areas that need treatment, and continues reprocessing the additional targets. The Reevaluation Phase guides the clinician through the treatment plans that are needed in order to deal with the client? s problems. As with any form of good therapy, the Reevaluation Phase is vital in order to determine the success of the treatment over time. Although clients may feel relief almost immediately with EMDR, it is as important to complete the eight phases of treatment, as it is to complete an entire course of treatment with antibiotics.


Although EMDR may produce results more rapidly than previous forms of therapy, speed is not the issue and it is important to remember that every client has different needs. For instance, one client may take weeks to establish sufficient feelings of trust (Phase Two), while another may proceed quickly through the first six phases of treatment only to reveal, then, something even more important that needs treatment. Also, treatment is not complete until EMDR therapy has focused on the past memories that are contributing to the problem, the present situations that are disturbing, and what skills the client may need for the future. Excerpts from: F. Shapiro & M.S. Forrest (2004) EMDR: The Breakthrough Therapy for Anxiety, Stress and Trauma. New York: BasicBooks. http://www.perseusbooksgroup.com/perseus-cgi-bin/display/0-465-04301-1

For another description: http://www.therapyadvisor.com

Eye Movements The benefits of eye movements used in EMDR are still under investigation. The Department of Veterans Affairs & Department of Defense Practice Guidelines http://www.oqp.med.va.gov/cpg/PTSD/PTSD_cpg/frameset.htm

have stated that evidence the eye movements are NOT effective is flawed. They also cite 8 controlled studies that show eye movements decrease the negative effects of emotions and imagery. These studies are:

Andrade, J., Kavanagh, D., & Baddeley, A. (1997). Eye-movements and visual imagery: a working memory approach to the treatment of post-traumatic stress disorder. British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 36, 209-223.

Barrowcliff, Gray, Freeman, MacCulloch (2004) Eye-movements reduce the vividness, emotional valence and electrodermal arousal associated with negative autobiographical memories. Journal of Forensic Psychiatry and Psychology, 15, 325-345.

Barrowcliff, A.L., Gray, N.S., MacCulloch, S., Freeman, T. C.A., & MacCulloch, M.J. (2003) Horizontal rhythmical eye-movements consistently diminish the arousal provoked by auditory stimuli British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 42, 289-302

Christman, S. D., Garvey, K. J., Propper, R. E., & Phaneuf, K. A. (2003). Bilateral eye movements enhance the retrieval of episodic memories. Neuropsychology. 17, 221-229.

Kavanagh, D. J., Freese, S., Andrade, J., & May, J. (2001). Effects of visuospatial tasks on desensitization to emotive memories. British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 40, 267-280.

Kuiken, D., Bears, M., Miall, D., & Smith, L. (2001-2002). Eye movement desensitization reprocessing facilitates attentional orienting. Imagination, Cognition and Personality, 21, (1), 3-20.

Sharpley, C. F. Montgomery, I. M., & Scalzo, L. A. (1996). Comparative efficacy of EMDR and alternative procedures in reducing the vividness of mental images. Scandinavian Journal of Behaviour Therapy, 25, 37-42.

van den Hout, M., Muris, P., Salemink, E., & Kindt, M. (2001). Autobiographical memories become less vivid and emotional after eye movements. British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 40, 121-130.

Training for Clinicians

EMDR International Association (EMDRIA): http://www.emdria.org

The EMDR International Association is a professional organization of EMDR trained therapists and researchers devoted to promoting the highest possible standard of excellence and integrity in EMDR practice, research and education for the public good. Purposes: (a) to establish and uphold standards of practice, training, certification, and research, (b) to provide information, education, and advocacy, and (c) to assist practitioners in fulfilling their responsibilities to the public. EMDRIA lists approved training programs, including university programs, and a database of its certified members for client referrals. It provides clinician resource materials, and an annual conference to share the latest clinical and research developments.

EMDR Institute http://www.EMDR.com

EMDR Institute is the oldest and largest training organization approved by EMDRIA. It was founded in 1990 by the originator of EMDR, Dr. Francine Shapiro. All senior members of the EMDR Institute faculty have been trained by Dr. Shapiro. Trainings are conducted in strict adherence to the researched protocols. It sponsors approved trainings worldwide. The EMDR Institute also provides access to 30,000 graduates of its programs for client referrals. Its website contains a list of commonly asked questions, latest research, and published clinical applications.

EMDR Humanitarian Assistance Programs http://www.emdrhap.org EMDR-Humanitarian Assistance Programs (HAP), a 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization, can be described as the mental health equivalent of Doctors Without Borders: a global network of clinicians who travel anywhere there is a need to stop suffering and prevent the after-effects of trauma and violence. HAP provides low cost training to non-profit agencies. HAP also provides a Traumatology Workshop to educate helping professionals and the general public about trauma and its effects. HAP's Disaster Mental Health Recovery Network coordinates clinicians to treat victims and emergency service workers after crises such as the Oklahoma City bombing and the 9/11 terrorist attacks. HAP is supported by tax-deductible contributions from the general public and by volunteer services of clinicians and others.

Clinical aids and manuals are available. http://www.emdrhap.org/store.htm

EMDR Europe http://www.emdr-europe.net/

With 14 member nations, this is the professional organization that is the counterpart of EMDRIA outside of the Americas. The website contains an overview of EMDR, research, and clinician resources.

Referrals for Clients EMDR International Association (EMDRIA): http://www.emdria.org The EMDR International Association is a professional organization of EMDR-trained therapists and researchers devoted to promoting the highest possible standard of excellence and integrity in EMDR practice, research and education for the public good. Purposes: (a) to establish and uphold standards of practice, training, certification, and research, (b) to provide information, education, and advocacy, and (c) to assist practitioners in fulfilling their responsibilities to the public. EMDRIA lists approved training programs, and a database of its certified members for client referrals.

EMDR Institute: http://www.EMDR.com

EMDR Institute is the oldest and largest training organization approved by EMDRIA. It was founded in 1990 by the originator of EMDR, Dr. Francine Shapiro. All senior members of the EMDR Institute faculty have been trained by Dr. Shapiro. Trainings are conducted in strict adherence to the researched protocols. The EMDR Institute also provides access to 30,000 graduates of its programs for client referrals. Its website contains a list of commonly asked questions, latest research, and published clinical applications.

EMDR Humanitarian Assistance Programs: http://www.emdrhap.org EMDR-Humanitarian Assistance Programs (HAP), a 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization, can be described as the mental health equivalent of Doctors Without Borders: a global network of clinicians who travel anywhere there is a need to stop suffering and prevent the after-effects of trauma and violence. It provides low cost training to non-profit agencies. HAP also provides a Traumatology Workshop to educate helping professionals and the general public about trauma and its effects. HAP's Disaster Mental Health Recovery Network coordinates clinicians to treat victims and emergency service workers after crises such as the Okalahoma City bombing and the 9/11 terrorist attacks. HAP is supported by tax-deductible contributions from the general public and by volunteer services of clinicians and others. In case of a natural of manmade disaster, clients can ask for direct referrals to participating agencies, or find out if a Disaster Mental Health Recovery Network has been requested in your area.